Born: fl. 3rd c. BC
Died: fl. 3rd c. BC
Cause of death: unspecified
Race or Ethnicity: Middle Eastern
Nationality: Ancient Carthage
Executive summary: Carthaginian General
Hanno (3rd century BC), called "the Great", Carthaginian statesman and general, leader of the aristocratic party and the chief opponent of Hamilcar and Hannibal. He appears to have gained his title from military successes in Africa, but of these nothing is known. In 240 BC he drove Hamilcar's veteran mercenaries to rebellion by withholding their pay, and when invested with the command against them was so unsuccessful that Carthage might have been lost but for the exertions of his enemy Hamilcar. Hanno subsequently remained at Carthage, exerting all his influence against the democratic party, which, however, had now definitely won the upper hand. During the Second Punic War he advocated peace with Rome, and according to Livy even advised that Hannibal should be given up to the Romans. After the battle of Zama (202) he was one of the ambassadors sent to Scipio Africanus to sue for peace. Remarkably little is known of him, considering the great influence he undoubtedly exercised amongst his countrymen.
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