Birthplace: Attleboro, PA
Location of death: Newtown, PA
Cause of death: unspecified
Remains: Buried, Newtown Friends Meeting Cemetery, Newtown, PA
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Nationality: United States
Executive summary: The Peaceable Kingdom
American primitive painter, known for his quasi-allegorical paintings of The Peaceable Kingdom, based on Isaiah 11:6-9. A charming scene of animals living in harmony, it is not known how many versions he painted, but the total may reach 100. At least 62 are still extant, and about two dozen are on display in various institutions. His Anglican mother died while he was young and one of her friends, Matron Elizabeth Twining, raised Hicks. He became an intinerant Quaker minister but in order to earn a living he transformed himself into a Quaker artist. Often he painted copies of paintings by other artists, or versions of original paintings he had already made. At the time of his death he was much more well known as a preacher, and his artistic fame came long after his death.
Wife: Sarah Worstall (m. 1803)
The Peaceable Kingdom (1830-40, many versions)
The Cornell Farm (1836)
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