|Pope Benedict XII|
AKA Jacques Fournier
Birthplace: Saverdun, France
Location of death: Avignon, Provence, France
Cause of death: unspecified
Religion: Roman Catholic
Race or Ethnicity: White
Executive summary: Roman Catholic Pope, 1334-42
Benedict XII, given name Jacques Fournier, Roman Catholic Pope from 1334 to 1342, the son of a miller, was born at Saverdun on the Arriège. Entering the Cistercian cloister Bolbonne, and graduating doctor of theology at Paris, he became in 1311 abbot of Fontfroide, in 1317 bishop of Pamiers and in 1326 of Mirepoix. Created cardinal priest of Santa Prisca in 1327 by his uncle Pope John XXII, he was elected his successor on the 20th of December 1334. Benedict made appointments carefully, reformed monastic orders and consistently opposed nepotism. Unable to remove his capital to Rome or to Bologna, he began to erect a great palace at Avignon. In 1336 he decided against a pet notion of John XXII by saying that souls of saints may attain the fulness of the beatific vision before the last judgment. In 1339 he entered upon fruitless negotiations looking toward the reunion of the Greek and Roman churches. French influence made futile his attempt to come to an understanding with the emperor Louis the Bavarian. He died on the 25th of April 1342.
Roman Catholic Pope 20-Dec-1334 to 25-Apr-1342
Roman Catholic Bishop 1317, Pamiers
Roman Catholic Bishop 1326, Mirepoix
Roman Catholic Cardinal 1327
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