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Lucy Hayes

Lucy HayesAKA Lucille Ware Webb

Born: 28-Aug-1831
Birthplace: Chillicothe, OH
Died: 25-Jun-1889
Location of death: Fremont, OH
Cause of death: Stroke
Remains: Buried, Rutherford Hayes Home, Fremont, OH

Gender: Female
Religion: Methodist
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: First Lady

Nationality: United States
Executive summary: Wife of US President Rutherford B. Hayes

Lucy Webb's father was a country doctor who, when he inherited several slaves, promptly returned to his childhood home to set them free. Once he arrived, however, he found himself in the midst of a cholera epidemic, which killed him while his daughter was still a toddler. To support their three children, his widow was advised to sell the slaves, but she felt that the slaves were not hers to sell, and freed them. She raised her children alone.

When their daughter graduated from Wesleyan Female College (now Ohio Wesleyan University) at 18, she began dating a dashing local lawyer, one Rutherford B. Hayes. Like her parents she hated slavery, and eventually convinced her husband that the institution was immoral, even urging him to defend runaway slaves in court. When he commanded an infantry for the Union in the Civil War, she often visited his encampments, tending to the wounded and dying. While he was in Congress she sometimes sat in the gallery, later offering him her opinions on the debates of the day. When he became Governor of Ohio, she often accompanied him on inspections of state facilities, even prisons and insane asylums.

When he became President, she banned alcohol from the White House, earning her the nickname 'Lemonade Lucy'. Still, her parties and diplomatic events at the mansion were well-received, and it was said that the First Lady's cheerful spirit eased the atmosphere almost as well as liquor might have. During her time in the White House, she oversaw the installation of flush toilets and the capitol's first telephone. She was the first First Lady to be college-educated, and she introduced the now-traditional Easter Egg hunt on the White House lawn.

Father: James Webb (physician, b. 17-Mar-1795, d. 1833)
Mother: Maria Cook Webb (b. circa 1800, m. 18-Apr-1826, d. 1866)
Brother: Joseph Webb (physician, b. 1827, d. 1880)
Brother: James Webb Jr (physician, b. 1829, d. 1873)
Husband: Rutherford B. Hayes (US President, b. 1822, dated 1845-52, m. 30-Dec-1852, d. 1893)
Son: Birchard Austin Hayes (tax attorney, b. 1853, d. 1926)
Son: Webb Cook Hayes (businessman, b. 20-Mar-1856, d. 26-Jul-1934)
Son: Rutherford Platt Hayes (librarian, b. 24-Jun-1858, d. 31-Jul-1927)
Son: Joseph Thompson Hayes (b. 21-Dec-1861, d. 24-Jun-1863)
Son: George Crook Hayes (b. 29-Sep-1864, d. 24-May-1866)
Daughter: Frances Hayes Smith ("Fanny", b. 2-Sep-1867, d. 19-Mar-1950)
Son: Scott Russell Hayes (businessman, b. 8-Feb-1871, d. 6-May-1923)
Son: Manning Force Hayes (b. 1-Aug-1873, d. 28-Aug-1874)

    University: Ohio Wesleyan University (1949)

    English Ancestry


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