AKA Mily Alexeyevich Balakirev
Birthplace: Nizhny Novgorod, Russia
Location of death: St. Petersburg, Russia
Cause of death: unspecified
Remains: Buried, Tikhvin Cemetery, Alexander Nevsky Monastery, St. Petersburg, Russia
Race or Ethnicity: White
Executive summary: Russian nationalist composer
Russian musical composer, born at Nizhny Novgorod on the 21st of December 1836. He had the advantage as a boy of living with Oulibichev, author of a Life of Mozart, who had a private band, and from whom Balakirev obtained a valuable education in music. At eighteen, after a university course in mathematics, he went to St. Petersburg, full of national ardor, and there made the acquaintance of Glinka. Around him gathered CÚsar Cui (b. 1835), and others, and in 1862 the Free School of Music was established, by which, and by Balakirev's personal zeal, the modern school of Russian music was largely stimulated. In 1869 Balakirev was appointed director of the imperial chapel and conductor of the Imperial Musical Society. His influence as a conductor, and as an organizer of Russian music, give him the place of a founder of a new movement, apart even from his own compositions, which though few in number are remarkable in themselves. His works consist largely of songs and collections of folk-songs, but include a symphony (first played in England in 1901), two symphonic poems ("Russia" and "Tamara"), and four overtures, besides pianoforte pieces. His orchestral works are of the "programme-music" order, but all are brilliant examples of the highly colored, elaborate style characteristic of modern Russian composers, and developed by Balakirev's disciples, such as Aleksandr Borodin and Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov.
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