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Catherine Swynford

Born: c. 1350
Died: 10-May-1403
Location of death: Lincoln, Lincolnshire, England
Cause of death: unspecified

Gender: Female
Religion: Roman Catholic
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Royalty

Nationality: England
Executive summary: Wife of John of Gaunt

Catherine Swynford, wife of John of Gaunt, duke of Lancaster, was a daughter of Sir Payne Roelt, a knight who came to England from Hainault in the train of King Edward III's queen, Philippa of Hainaut. About 1367 she married Sir Hugh Swynford, a Lincolnshire man, by whom she had a son, Thomas, who was a friend and companion of King Henry IV both before and after he came to the English throne. Soon after her husband's death in 1372 Catherine became the mistress of John of Gaunt, and in 1396, nearly two years after the duke had become a widower for the second time, she was married to him at Lincoln. She died at Lincoln on the 10th of May 1403. By John of Gaunt Catherine had four children, all of whom were born before their marriage. They were declared legitimate in 1397 and took the name of Beaufort from one of their father's castles in Anjou.

Father: Sir Payne Roelt
Husband: Sir Hugh Swynford (b. 1340, m. circa 1367, d. 1372)
Son: Thomas (b. circa 1368, d. 1433)
Husband: John of Gaunt (m. 1396, four children)
Son: John Beaufort (1st Earl of Somerset)
Son: Henry Cardinal Beaufort
Son: Thomas Beaufort (1st Duke of Exeter)
Daughter: Joan Beaufort (Countess of Westmorland)


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