|St. Thomas de Cantelupe|
Born: c. 1218
Birthplace: Hambleden, Buckinghamshire, England
Location of death: Orvieto, Italy
Cause of death: unspecified
Remains: Buried, Orvieto, Italy
Religion: Roman Catholic
Race or Ethnicity: White
Executive summary: 13th century English saint
English saint and prelate, was a son of William de Cantelupe, the 2nd baron (d. 1251), one of King John's ministers, and a nephew of Walter de Cantelupe, Bishop of Worcester. He was educated at Paris and Orleans, afterwards becoming a teacher of canon law at Oxford and chancellor of the university in 1262. During the Barons' War Thomas favored Simon de Montfort and the baronial party. He represented the barons before St. Louis of France at Amiens in 1264; he was made chancellor of England in February 1265, but was deprived of this office after Montfort's death at Evesham, and lived outside of England for some time. Returning to England, he was again chancellor of Oxford University, lectured on theology, and held several ecclesiastical appointments. In 1274 he attended the second council of Lyons, and in 1275 he was appointed bishop of Hereford. Cantelupe was now a trusted adviser of King Edward I; he attended the royal councils, and even when differing from the king did not forfeit his favor. The Archbishop of Canterbury, Robert Kilwardby, was also his friend; but after Kilwardby's death in 1279 a series of disputes arose between the bishop and the new archbishop, John Peckham, and this was probably the cause which drove Cantelupe to visit Italy. He died at Orvieto, on the 25th of August 1282, and he was canonized in 1330. Cantelupe appears to have been an exemplary bishop both in spiritual and secular affairs. His charities were large and his private life blameless; he was constantly visiting his diocese, correcting offenders and discharging other episcopal duties; and he compelled neighboring landholders to restore estates which rightly belonged to the see of Hereford. In 1905 the Cantelupe Society was founded to publish the episcopal registers of Hereford, of which Cantelupe's is the first in existence.
Roman Catholic Bishop 1275, Hereford
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