Birthplace: Nantes, France
Location of death: L'Isle-Adam, France
Cause of death: unspecified
Race or Ethnicity: White
Executive summary: Barbizon school
French painter, one of the chief members of the Barbizon group of romantic landscape painters. If Camille Corot stands for the lyric and Théodore Rousseau for the epic aspect of the poetry of nature, Dupré is the exponent of her tragic and dramatic aspects. He was the son of a porcelain manufacturer, and started his career in his father's works, from where he went to his uncle's china factory at Sèvres., After studying for some time under Jean-Michel Diébold, a painter of clock faces, he had to pass through a short period of privation, until he attracted the attention of a wealthy patron, who came to his studio and bought all the studies on the walls at the price demanded by the artist -- 20 francs apiece. Dupré exhibited first at the Salon in 1831, and three years later was awarded a second-class medal. In the same year he came to England, where he was deeply impressed by the genius of John Constable. From him he learned how to express movement in nature; and the district of Southampton and Plymouth, with its wide, unbroken expanses of water, sky and ground, gave him good opportunities for studying the tempestuous motion of storm clouds and the movement of foliage driven by the wind. He received the cross of the Legion of Honor in 1848. Dupré's color is sonorous and resonant; the subjects for which he showed marked preference are dramatic sunset effects and stormy skies and seas. Late in life he changed his style and gained appreciably in largeness of handling and arrived at greater simplicity in his color harmonies. Among his chief works are the "Morning" and "Evening" at the Louvre, and the early "Crossing the Bridge" in the Wallace Collection.
Father: (porcelain manufacturer)
French Legion of Honor 1848
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