AKA Antonia Caetana de Paiva Pereira Maury
Birthplace: Cold Spring, NY
Location of death: Dobbs Ferry, NY
Cause of death: unspecified
Race or Ethnicity: Hispanic
Nationality: United States
Executive summary: Stellar classification
Antonia Maury was the granddaughter of astronomer John William Draper and niece of astronomer Henry Draper, and she shared her family's fascination with the heavens. She studied at Vassar under Maria Mitchell, and joined Edward Charles Pickering's Draper Catalog project in 1888, working with Annie Jump Cannon and Henrietta Swan Leavitt at Harvard Observatory. Assigned to catalogue and calculate stellar spectra for stars in the northern hemisphere, she devised improvements to the stellar classification system to account for the varying temperatures and spectral lines of stars, and distinguishing between giant and dwarf stars. Her more distant relatives included the oceanographer Matthew Fontaine Maury.
Father: Mytton Maury (Christian minister)
Mother: Virginia Draper Maury
University: BA, Vassar College (1887)
Scholar: Harvard College Observatory, Harvard University (1888-91, 1893-1935)
Teacher: Cambridge School, Cambridge, MA (1891-95)
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