|William Joseph Hardee|
Birthplace: Savannah, GA
Location of death: Wytheville, VA
Cause of death: unspecified
Remains: Buried, Live Oak Cemetery, Selma, AL
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Nationality: United States
Executive summary: Confederate Army General
Military service: US Army; Confederate Army
The American soldier William Joseph Hardee was born in Savannah, Georgia, on the 10th of November 1815 and graduated from West Point in 1838. As a subaltern of cavalry he was employed on a special mission to Europe to study the cavalry methods in vogue (1839). He was promoted captain in 1844 and served under Generals Zachary Taylor and Winfield Scott in the Mexican War, winning the brevet of major for gallantry in action in March 1847 and subsequently that of Lt. Colonel. After the war he served as a substantive major under Colonel Albert Sidney Johnston and Lt. Col. Robert E. Lee in the 2nd U.S. cavalry, and for some time before 1856 he was engaged in compiling the official manual of infantry drill and tactics which, familiarly called "Hardee's Tactics", afterwards formed the textbook for the infantry arm in both the Federal and the Confederate armies. From 1856 to 1861 he was commandant of West Point, resigning his commission on the secession of his state in the latter year. Entering the Confederate service as a colonel, he was shortly promoted brigadier-general. He distinguished himself very greatly by his tactical leadership on the field of Shiloh, and was immediately promoted major-general. As a corps commander he fought under General Braxton Bragg at Perryville and Stone River, and for his distinguished services in these battles was promoted lieutenant-general. He served in the latter part of the campaign of 1863 under Bragg and in that of 1864 under Joseph Eggleston Johnston. When the latter officer was superseded by John Bell Hood, Hardee was relieved at his own request, and for the remainder of the war he served in the Carolinas. When the Civil War came to an end in 1865 he retired to his plantation near Selma, Alabama. He died at Wytheville, Virginia, on the 6th of November 1873.
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