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Edwin Hubble

Edwin HubbleAKA Edwin Powell Hubble

Born: 20-Nov-1889
Birthplace: Marshfield, MO
Died: 28-Sep-1953
Location of death: San Marino, CA
Cause of death: Stroke [1]

Gender: Male
Race or Ethnicity: White
Occupation: Astronomer

Nationality: United States
Executive summary: Hubble Space Telescope, Hubble's Law

Military service: US Army (1917-19)

The father of observational cosmology. He first studied law at Oxford University, and set up a law practice in Louisville Kentucky in 1913. It became obvious that his real interest was in astronomy, so he changed course and in 1917 he received a doctorate in astronomy from the University of Chicago. He studied the skies at Mount Wilson Observatory, created a classification system for galaxies, and developed Hubble's Law in 1929. His life's work was to observe and map the universe. In 1931 Albert Einstein visited Mount Wilson to thank Hubble for correcting Einstein's error. Einstein had previously thought the universe was static; Hubble had convinced him it was dynamic and expanding. Hubble was friends with Aldous Huxley. He was the first person to use the Hale Telescope at the Mount Palomar Observatory. Hubble campaigned for himself to win a Nobel Prize, but there was no category for astronomy. The Hubble Space Telescope is named after him.


[1] Some contemporary reports give cause of death as a heart attack.

Wife: Grace Burke (m. 26-Feb-1924)
Mother: Virginia Lee James
Father: John Powell Hubble (insurance executive)
Sister: Helen
Sister: Lucy Lee
Brother: Henry
Brother: William

    High School: Wheaton High School, Wheaton, IL (1906)
    University:
BS, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL (1910)
    University: MA, Oxford University
    University: PhD, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL (1917)

    Benjamin Franklin Medal
    Bruce Medal 1938
    Royal Astronomical Society Gold Medal 1940
    Rhodes Scholarship
    Royal Astronomical Society
    American Philosophical Society
    Kappa Sigma Fraternity

Author of books:
The Realm of the Nebulae (1936)
The Observational Approach to Cosmology (1937)


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