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John Singleton Copley

John Singleton CopleyBorn: 3-Jul-1738
Birthplace: Boston, MA
Died: 9-Sep-1815
Location of death: London, England
Cause of death: Stroke
Remains: Buried, Highgate Cemetery East, London, England

Gender: Male
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Painter

Nationality: England
Executive summary: Boy with a Squirrel

English historical painter, born of Irish parents at Boston, Massachusetts. He was self-educated, and commenced his career as a portrait painter in his native city. The germ of his reputation in England was a little picture of a boy and squirrel, exhibited at the Society of Arts in 1760. In 1774 he went to Rome, and from there in 1775 came to England. In 1777 he was admitted associate of the Royal Academy; in 1783 he was made Academician on the exhibition of his most famous picture, the "Death of Chatham", popularized immediately by Bartolozzi's elaborate engraving; and in 1790 he was commissioned to paint a portrait picture of the defense of Gibraltar. The "Death of Major Pierson", in the National Gallery, also deserves mention. Copley's powers appear to greatest advantage in his portraits. He was the father of Lord Chancellor Lyndhurst.

Father: Richard Copley (d. 1748)
Father: Peter Pelham (stepfather, engraver, d. 1751)
Mother: Mary Singleton Copley
Brother: Henry Pelham (stepbrother)
Wife: Susanna Farnham Clarke (m. 17-Nov-1769, six children)
Son: John Singleton Copley, Baron Lyndhurst (Lord Chancellor)

    Royal Academy of Arts 1779
    Bankruptcy
    Irish Ancestry


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