|Pope Honorius II|
AKA Lamberto Scannabecchi
Birthplace: Fagnano, Italy
Location of death: Rome, Italy
Cause of death: unspecified
Remains: Buried, Basilica di San Giovanni, Rome, Italy
Religion: Roman Catholic
Race or Ethnicity: White
Executive summary: Roman Catholic Pope, 1124-30
Honorius II, Roman Catholic Pope from the 15th of December 1124 to the 13th of February 1130, a native of Fagnano near Imola, of considerable learning and great religious zeal, successively archdeacon at Bologna, cardinal-priest of Sta. Prassede under Pope Urban II, cardinal-bishop of Ostia and Velletri under Paschal II, shared the exile of Gelasius II in France, and helped Calixtus II to conclude the Concordat of Worms (1122), which settled the investiture contest. He owed his election in large measure to force employed by the Frangipani, but was consecrated with general consent on the 21st of December 1124. By means of a close alliance with that powerful family, he was enabled to maintain peace at Rome, and the death of Emperor Henry V (1125) further strengthened the papal position. He recognized the Saxon Lothair III as king of the Romans and later as emperor, and excommunicated his rival, Conrad of Hohenstaufen. He sanctioned the Praemonstratensian order and that of the Knights Templars. He excommunicated Count William of Normandy for marriage in prohibited degree; brought to an end, through the influence of Bernard of Clairvaux, the struggle with Louis VI of France; and arranged with King Henry I for the reception of papal legates in England. He laid claim as feudal overlord to the Norman possessions in southern italy (July 1127), and excommunicated the claimant, Duke Roger of Sicily, but was unable to prevent the foundation of the Neapolitan monarchy, for Duke Roger defeated the papal army and forced recognition in August 1128. Honorius appealed to Lothair for assistance, but died before it arrived. His successor was Pope Innocent II.
Roman Catholic Pope 15-Dec-1124 to 13-Feb-1130
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