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Alphonse Dochez

AKA Alphonse Raymond Dochez

Born: 21-Apr-1882
Birthplace: San Francisco, CA
Died: 30-Jun-1964
Location of death: New York City
Cause of death: unspecified

Gender: Male
Race or Ethnicity: White
Occupation: Doctor, Scientist

Nationality: United States
Executive summary: Scarlet fever, pneumonia, common cold

Military service: US Army Medical Corps (WWI)

Working with his long-time research partner Oswald Avery, physician and scientist Alphonse Dochez found that antibodies to the pneumococcus bacteria are formed in the blood to battle pneumonia and to aid recovery, and in 1917 they isolated these antibodies to develop an antitoxin injection to treat pneumonia. Dochez later performed similar research that showed scarlet fever is caused by streptococci, which led to an antitoxin for that disease. He also conducted research that showed in 1935 that the common cold is caused by a virus, and in 1938 he developed an antitoxin to prevent and cure distemper in dogs.

    University: BA, Johns Hopkins University (1903)
    Medical School: MD, Johns Hopkins University (1907)
    Teacher: Rockefeller University
    Professor: Medicine, Columbia University

    New York Academy of Medicine
    Belgian Ancestry

Author of books:
Etiology of Scarlet Fever (1925)


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