|Darius III Codomannus|
Died: 330 BC
Location of death: Bactria
Cause of death: unspecified
Race or Ethnicity: Middle Eastern
Sexual orientation: Straight
Nationality: Ancient Persia
Executive summary: King of Persia, 336-330 BC
The eunuch Bagoas, having murdered Artaxerxes III in 338 BC and his son Arses in 336, raised to the throne a distant relative of the royal house, whose name, according to Justin, was Codomannus, and who had excelled in a war against the Cadusians. The new king, who adopted the name of Darius, took warning by the fate of his predecessors, and saved himself from it by forcing Bagoas to drink the cup himself. Already in 336 Philip II of Macedon had sent an army into Asia Minor, and in the spring of 334 the campaign of Alexander the Great began. In the following year Darius himself took the field against the Macedonian king, but was beaten at Issus and in 331 at Arbela. In his flight to the east he was deposed and killed by Bessus (July 330).
Mother: Sisygambis, (dau. of Artaxerxes II Mnenon)
Daughter: Statira (m. Alexander the Great)
Persian Monarch 336 to 330 BC
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