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Carroll D. Wright

AKA Carroll Davidson Wright

Born: 25-Jul-1840
Birthplace: Dunbarton, NH
Died: 20-Feb-1909
Location of death: Worcester, MA
Cause of death: Diabetes complications

Gender: Male
Religion: Unitarian
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Sociologist
Party Affiliation: Republican

Nationality: United States
Executive summary: The Industrial Evolution of the United States

Military service: US Army (1862-65)

Carroll D. Wright served in the US Army during the Civil War, trained as a lawyer, and served two years in the Massachusetts Senate before being appointed to head the state's Bureau of Statistics and Labor. As a statistician, he collected data on such controversial issues as cost of living, crime, divorce, illiteracy, housing, poverty, strikes and lockouts, wage rates, and his office was praised for breaking with precedent by eschewing political shading and instead pursuing objective facts. Wright was President Chester A. Arthur's choice to head the newly-established Bureau of Labor Statistics in 1885. In this position he conducted pioneering analysis of the working person's economic life, providing dispassionate analysis during an era of intense labor disputes, and spoke of labor's right to strike in a time when such a statement was still considered controversial. He was appointed by President Grover Cleveland to investigate the Pullman strike of 1894, and by President Theodore Roosevelt to help mediate the United Mine Workers' coal strike of 1902.

Father: Nathan Reed Wright (Unitarian minister, b. circa 1810)
Mother: Eliza Clark Wright (b. circa 1809)
Brother: Lucius Wright (b. circa 1837)
Sister: Charlotte Wright (b. 1841)
Brother: William Wright (b. circa 1845)
Brother: Wallace Wright (b. circa 1848)
Sister: Ella Wright (b. 1850, d. childhood)
Wife: Caroline Elizabeth Harnden ("Carrie", b. 6-Nov-1841, m. 1-Jan-1867, two daughters)
Daughter: Cornelia Harnden Wright McPherson (b. 8-Dec-1870)
Daughter: Grace Duncan Wright Capen (b. 1875)

    Professor: Statistics and Social Economics, George Washington University (1900-05)
    Administrator: President, Clark University (1905-09)

    French Legion of Honor 1907
    American Association for the Advancement of Science (President, 1903)
    American Bar Association
    American Statistical Association (President, 1897-1909)
    US Interior Department Bureau of Labor Statistics (Commissioner, 1885-1905)
    Massachusetts State Official Bureau of Statistics and Labor (Director, 1873-88)
    Massachusetts State Senate (1871-73)

Author of books:
The Factory System of the United States (1880)
Relation of Political Economy to the Labor Question (1882)
The Working Girls of Boston (1884)
History of Wages and Prices in Massachusetts, 1752-1883 (1885)
Industrial Depressions (1886)
The Industrial Evolution of the United States (1887)
A Report on Marriage and Divorce in the United States, 1867 to 1886 (1889)
Report on the Chicago Strike of June-July, 1894 (1895)
Outline of Practical Sociology (1899)
The History and Growth of the United States Census (1900)
Some Ethical Phases of the Labor Question (1902)
Battles of Labor (1906)


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