Canal connecting the Mediterranean to the Red Sea. The modern canal, constructed by Ferdinand de Lesseps, took 11 years to build and was opened on 17 November 1869. Egypt, under the government of Gamal Abdel-Nasser, nationalized the Suez Canal in 1956, precipitating the threat of invasion by Britain, France and Israel. Lester Bowles Pearson steered a UN resolution allocating peacekeepers to the region, thus averting such an invasion. See Suez Crisis.
Sami H. Dessouki. Suez Canal: Changing World 1956-2000. Heinemann. 1982. 148pp.
D. A. Farnie. East and West of Suez: The Suez Canal in History, 1854-1956. Clarendon Press. 1969. 860pp.
Zachary Karabell. Parting the Desert: The Creation of the Suez Canal. Random House. 2004. 336pp.
Patrick Balfour Kinross. Between Two Seas: The Creation of the Suez Canal. New York: William Morrow. 1969. 306pp.
John Marlowe. The Making of the Suez Canal. Cresset Press. 1964. 342pp.
John Marlowe. World Ditch: The Making of the Suez Canal. Macmillan. 1964. 294pp.
Hugh J. Schonfield. The Suez Canal in World Affairs. Philosophical Library. 1953. 174pp.
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