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Anthony J. Leggett

Anthony J. LeggettAKA Anthony James Leggett

Born: 26-Mar-1938
Birthplace: London, England

Gender: Male
Religion: Agnostic
Race or Ethnicity: White
Occupation: Physicist

Nationality: United States
Executive summary: Particle physicist, explored superfluidity

Physicist Anthony J. Leggett has studied normal and superfluid helium liquids and other strongly coupled superfluids, and explained why helium becomes a superfluid when it is exposed to a magnetic field at extreme low temperatures. Superfluidity is a phase of liquid matter characterized by a complete absence of viscosity, which allows superfluids to act bizarrely, flowing upwards out of open containers or circulating endlessly without friction a closed loop. For his contributions to the theory of superconductors and superfluids, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in 2003.

Leggett's areas of research include cuprate superconductivity, low-temperature phenomena, macroscopic quantum systems, phase coherence and superfluidity in very degenerate atomic gases, quantum fluids, quantum measurement theory, statistical physics, and theoretical condensed matter physics. His work has advanced the theoretical understanding of the quantum physics that underlies macroscopic dissipative systems and condensed systems. Born in London, he holds dual citizenship in England and the United States.

Father: (physics teacher)
Mother: (mathematics teacher)
Sister: Clare
Sister: Judith
Brother: Terence (d.)
Brother: Paul (d.)
Wife: Haruko Kinase (anthropologist, b. 20-Nov-1950, m. 1972)
Daughter: Elizabeth Asako (b. 28-Sep-1978)

    High School: Beaumont College, London (1954)
    University: BA Classical Literature, Baliol College, Oxford University (1959)
    University: BS Physics, Merton College, Oxford University (1961)
    University: PhD Pysics, Oxford University (1964)
    Scholar: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (1964-65)
    Scholar: Kyoto University (1965-66)
    Lecturer: University of Sussex (1967-69)
    Teacher: University of Sussex (1969-83)
    Teacher: Cornell University (1983)
    Professor: MacArthur Professor of Physics, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (1983-)

    IOP James Clerk Maxwell Medal and Prize 1975
    IOP Sir Francis Simon Memorial Award 1981
    IUPAP Fritz London Memorial Prize 1981
    IOP Paul Dirac Medal and Prize 1991
    QMBT Eugene Feenberg Medal 1999
    Wolf Prize in Physics 2002 (with Bertrand I. Halperin)
    Nobel Prize for Physics 2003 (with Alexei A. Abrikosov and Vitaly L. Ginzburg)
    Knight of the British Empire 2004
    American Academy of Arts and Sciences
    American Association for the Advancement of Science
    American Institute of Physics
    American Philosophical Society
    American Physical Society
    Institute of Physics (U.K.)
    National Academy of Sciences
    Royal Society
    Russian Academy of Sciences Foreign Member
    English Ancestry Paternal
    Irish Ancestry Maternal
    Naturalized US Citizen 2002
    Obama for America

Author of books:
The Problems of Physics (1987)

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