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Albrecht Kossel

Albrecht KosselAKA Ludwig Karl Martin Leonhard Albrecht Kossel

Born: 16-Sep-1853
Birthplace: Rostock, Germany
Died: 5-Jul-1927
Location of death: Heidelberg, Germany
Cause of death: unspecified
Remains: Buried, Wald Friedhof, Heidelberg, Germany

Gender: Male
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Scientist, Doctor

Nationality: Germany
Executive summary: Chemistry of tissues and cells

Studied "nucleins" (now called nucleoproteins), isolating the structure of nucleic acids and cellular proteins. Discovered histidine, the amino acid that is a key component of protein. Also discovered thymic acid and agmatine. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1910, for his findings on cell chemistry and proteins.

Father: Albrecht Karl Ludwig Enoch Kossel (merchant)
Mother: Clara Jeppe Kossel (b. 15-May-1830, m. 26-Oct-1852, d. 25-Apr-1911)
Wife: Luise Holtzmann Kossel (m. 1886)
Son: Walther Kossel (Physics professor, b. 1888, d. 1956)
Daughter: Gertrude Kossel

    University: University of Strasbourg, Germany (now France) (1877)
    Medical School: MD, University of Rostock, Germany (1878)
    University: PhD, University of Strasbourg, Germany (1881)
    Teacher: Physiological Chemistry and Hygiene, University of Strasbourg, Germany (1883-87)
    Professor: Medicine, University of Strasbourg, Germany (1887-95)
    Professor: Physiology, University of Marburg, Germany (1895-1901)
    Professor: Physiology, University of Heidelberg, Germany (1901-24)
    Administrator: University of Heidelberg, Germany (1908-09)

    Nobel Prize for Medicine 1910
    German Ancestry

Author of books:
Investigations into the nucleins and their cleavage products (1881, non-fiction)
Textbook for medical-chemical courses (1888, textbook)
The tissues in the human body and their microscopic investigation (1889, textbook)
The problems of biochemistry (1908, non-fiction)
The chemical composition of the cell (1911, collected lectures)
The Protamines and Histones (1928, textbook)

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