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Alicia Patterson

Born: 15-Oct-1906
Birthplace: Chicago, IL
Died: 2-Jul-1963
Location of death: New York City
Cause of death: Complications of Surgery
Remains: Buried, Salem Fields Cemetery, Brooklyn, NY

Gender: Female
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Business, Journalist

Nationality: United States
Executive summary: Founder of Newsday

Alicia Patterson was the founder of Newsday. The daughter of New York Daily News publisher Joseph Medill Patterson and niece of Washington Times-Herald publisher Cissy Patterson, she attended the best private schools, and was expelled from two. She was fired as a writer at her father's Daily News in her early 20s, after getting the basic facts of a divorce wrong in a published report. Calling herself Agnes Homberg, she spent several months working ordinary jobs as a cashier and salesgirl, then wrote about it in her father's magazine Liberty.

Her third husband, Harry Frank Guggenheim, was heir to the Guggenheim fortune, and he bought her a printing press from the defunct Nassau County Journal and leased office space at a closed auto dealership on Long Island, where she published the first edition of Long Island's Newsday on 3 September 1940. Under her leadership Newsday became known as a dogged, aggressive newspaper that challenged New York City's dailies in circulation, advertising, and prestige. She was the subject of Joan Miró's mural Alicia.

Father: Joseph Medill Patterson (New York Daily News publisher)
Mother: Alice Higinbotham Patterson (department store heiress, b. 21-Dec-1878, m. 19-Nov-1902, div. 1938, d. 15-Dec-1966)
Sister: Elinor Patterson
Sister: Josephine Patterson
Mother: Mary King Patterson (stepmother, b. 3-Dec1885, m. 1938, d. 27-Dec-1975)
Brother: James Joseph Patterson (half-brother, New York Daily News executive, b. 1923, d. 1992)
Boyfriend: Adlai Stevenson (dated in her 20s, and during her third marriage)
Husband: James Simpson, Jr. (Marshall Field's executive, m. 1927, div. 1928)
Husband: Joseph W. Brooks (insurance executive, b. 1891, m. 1931, div. 1939)
Husband: Harry Frank Guggenheim (millionaire, b. 23-Aug-1890, m. 1939, d. 22-Jan-1971)
Daughter: Joan Florence Guggenheim Murray (stepdaughter, b. 1913)
Daughter: Nancy Guggenheim (stepdaughter, b. 1915, d. 1972)
Daughter: Diana Guggenheim (stepdaughter, b. 1924)

    High School: St. Timothy’s School, Catonsville, MD (expelled)
    High School: Miss Risser’s School for Girls, Rome, Italy (expelled)
    High School: Foxcroft School, Middleburg, VA (1924)

    Newsday Founder and Publisher (1940-63)
    The New York Daily News Book Critic (1932-43)
    The New York Daily News Reporter (1926-28)
    Fund for the Republic Trustee
    Expelled from School
    Guggenheim Family
    McCormick Family
    Canadian Ancestry

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