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Clifford G. Shull

Clifford G. ShullAKA Clifford Glenwood Shull

Born: 23-Sep-1915
Birthplace: Pittsburgh, PA
Died: 31-Mar-2001
Location of death: Medford, MA
Cause of death: Illness
Remains: Buried, Rosemont Cemetery, Newberry, SC

Gender: Male
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Physicist

Nationality: United States
Executive summary: Neutron scattering

Physicist Clifford G. Shull developed the basic principles of elastic neutron scattering, and designed the first neutron diffractometer, an important tool used to analyze the structure and dynamics of solids and fluids. His work showed that when a sample of liquid or solid material is targeted by a neutron beam, the beam is scattered by the atoms that make up the material, and that the pattern of this diffraction can be analyzed to reveal the positions of the atoms. He conducted his landmark research while working with Ernest Wollan (1902-1984) at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory in the 1950s, and shared the 1994 Nobel Prize for Physics with Canadian scientist Bertram N. Brockhouse. Shull's work was instrumental in the subsequent development of high-strength plastics and advanced magnetics now commonly used in credit cards and compact discs.

Father: David Hiram Shull (hardware store owner, b. 1879, d. 1934)
Mother: Daisy Elma Bistline Shull (m. 1906)
Sister: Evelyn May Shull (b. 1907)
Brother: Perry Leo Shull (b. 1909)
Wife: Martha-Nuel Summer (m. Jun-1941, d. 2001)
Son: John C. Shull
Son: Robert D. Shull (physicist)
Son: William F. Shull

    University: Schenley High School, Pittsburgh, PA (1933)
    University: BS, Carnegie Institute of Technology (1937)
    University: PhD, New York University (1941)
    Professor: Massachusetts Institute of Technology (1955-86)

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory Physicist (1946-55)
    Texaco Physicist (1941-46)
    APS Oliver E. Buckley Condensed Matter Prize 1956
    RSAS Gregori Aminoff Prize 1993
    Nobel Prize for Physics 1994 (with Bertram N. Brockhouse)
    American Academy of Arts and Sciences 1956
    American Crystallographic Association
    National Academy of Sciences 1975
    Neutron Scattering Society of America
    Tau Beta Pi Engineering Honor Society

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