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Wade Hampton

Wade HamptonAKA Wade Hampton III

Born: 28-Mar-1818
Birthplace: Charleston, SC
Died: 11-Apr-1902
Location of death: Columbia, SC
Cause of death: unspecified
Remains: Buried, Trinity Cathedral Churchyard, Columbia, SC

Gender: Male
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Politician, Military
Party Affiliation: Democratic

Nationality: United States
Executive summary: Governor of South Carolina, 1877-79

Military service: Confederate Army (cavalry, US Civil War)

Confederate cavalry leader, born on the 28th of March 1818 at Columbia, South Carolina, the son of Wade Hampton II, one of the wealthiest planters in the South, and the grandson of Wade Hampton, a captain in the War of Independence and a brigadier-general in the War of 1812. He graduated 1836 at South Carolina College (now the University of South Carolina), and was trained for the law. He devoted himself, however, to the management of his great plantations in South Carolina and in Mississippi, and took part in state politics and legislation. Hampton was probably the wealthiest plantation owner when the Civil War broke out.

Though his own views were opposed to the prevailing states-rights tone of South Carolinian opinion, he threw himself heartily into the Southern cause in 1861, raising a mixed command known as Hamptons Legion, which he led at the first battle of Bull Run. During the Civil War he served in the main with the Army of Northern Virginia in Jeb Stuart's cavalry corps. After Stuart's death Hampton distinguished himself greatly in opposing Philip Henry Sheridan in the Shenandoah Valley, and was made lieutenant-general to command Robert E. Lee's whole force of cavalry. In 1865 he assisted Joseph Eggleston Johnston in the attempt to prevent William T. Sherman's advance through the Carolinas.

After the war his attitude was conciliatory and he recommended a frank acceptance by the South of the war's political consequences. He was governor of his state in 1877-79, being installed after a memorable contest; he served in the United States Senate in 1879-91, and was United States commissioner of Pacific railways in 1893-97. He died on the 11th of April 1902.

Father: Wade Hampton II (farmer and military, b. 1791, d. 1858)
Wife: Frances Smith Preston (five children, d.)
Wife: Mary Singleton McDuffie (until his death, four children)

    University: South Carolina College (1836)

    US Senator, South Carolina (1879-91)
    Governor of South Carolina (1877-79)
    South Carolina State Senate (1858-61)
    South Carolina State House of Representatives South Carolina (1852-56)
    Society of the Cincinnati
    South Carolina Hall of Fame 1980
    Shot: Battle
    Shrapnel Injury
    Pardoned 1872
    National Statuary Hall (1929)
    Risk Factors: Amputee

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