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Pope Stephen IX

AKA Frédéric de Lorraine

Born: c. 1000
Birthplace: Lorraine, France
Died: 29-Mar-1058
Location of death: Florence, Italy
Cause of death: unspecified
Remains: Buried, Florence Cathedral, Florence, Italy

Gender: Male
Religion: Roman Catholic
Race or Ethnicity: White
Occupation: Religion

Nationality: France
Executive summary: Roman Catholic Pope, 1057-58

Stephen IX (sometimes called Stephen X), Roman Catholic Pope from the third of August 1057 to his death on 29th March 1058, succeeded Pope Victor II (Gebhard of Eichstadt). His baptismal name was Frederick, and he was a younger brother of Godfrey, duke of Upper Lorraine, marquis of Tuscany (by his marriage with Beatrice, widow of Boniface, marquis of Tuscany). Frederick, who had been raised to the cardinalate by Pope Leo IX, acted for some time as papal legate at Constantinople, and was with Leo in his unlucky expedition against the Normans. He shared his brother's fortunes, and at one time had to take refuge from Emperor Henry III in Monte Cassino. Five days after the death of Victor II (who had made him cardinal-priest and abbot of Monte Cassino) he was chosen to succeed him. He showed great zeal in enforcing the Hildebrandine policy as to clerical celibacy, and was planning the expulsion of the Normans from Italy and the elevation of his brother to the imperial throne when he was seized by a severe illness. He died at Florence on the 29th of March 1038.

Brother: Godfrey (Duke of Upper Lorraine)

    Roman Catholic Pope 3-Aug-1057 to 29-Mar-1058
    Roman Catholic Cardinal

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