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Daniel I. Arnon

AKA Daniel Israel Arnon

Born: 14-Nov-1910
Birthplace: Warsaw, Poland
Died: 20-Dec-1994
Location of death: Berkeley, CA
Cause of death: Heart Failure

Gender: Male
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Biologist, Chemist

Nationality: United States
Executive summary: Photophosphorylation

Military service: US Army Air Corps (1943-46, Maj.)

Born in Poland, biochemist Daniel I. Arnon was drawn by the works of Jack London and came to America at the age of 18. He took a Greyhound bus to California and enrolled at Chaffey Junior College of Agriculture, then studied plant nutrition at the University of California at Berkeley. Already in his thirties during World War II, Arnon volunteered to serve in the US Army Air Corps and was stationed on a barren Pacific island, where he developed techniques that grew crops in gravel and water to feed his fellow airmen. Over his career, his research showed the importance of molybdenum, vanadium, and other trace elements in plants and algae, and in 1954 he became the first scientist to complete photosynthesis outside of living cells. He coined the term photophosphorylation (short for photosynthetic phosphorylation), and his work led to breakthroughs in electron flow theory, the understanding of nitrogen fixation and hydrogen evolution, and identification of ferredoxin as a part of photosynthesis.

Wife: Lucile Jane Soulé (m. 24-Feb-1940, d. 1986,three daughters, two sons)
Daughter: Anne Arnon Hodge
Son: Dennis Soulé Arnon (mathematician)
Daughter: Nancy Arnon Agnew
Daughter: Ruth Soulé Arnon Hanham
Son: Stephen S. Arnon (physician)

    University: Chaffey College (attended 1931-32)
    University: BS Biochemistry, University of California at Berkeley (1932)
    University: PhD Plant Physiology, University of California at Berkeley (1936)
    Teacher: Cell Physiology, University of California at Berkeley (1941-46)
    Professor: Cell Physiology, University of California at Berkeley (1946-78)
    Scholar: Fellowship, Cambridge University (1947-48)
    Scholar: Fellowship, Max-Planck Institut für Zellphysiologie (1955-56)
    Scholar: Fellowship, Stanford University (1962-63)

    National Medal of Science 1973
    Fulbright (1955-56)
    Guggenheim Fellowship (1947-48)
    Guggenheim Fellowship (1962-63)
    American Society of Plant Physiologists President (1952-53)
    National Institutes of Health
    National Science Foundation
    National Academy of Sciences
    American Academy of Arts and Sciences
    American Association for the Advancement of Science
    Naturalized US Citizen 31-Mar-1941
    Polish Ancestry

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