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Marie Leszczynska

Marie LeszczynskaAKA Maria Karolina Leszczynska

Born: 23-Jun-1703
Birthplace: Breslau, Silesia
Died: 24-Jun-1768
Location of death: Versailles, France
Cause of death: unspecified
Remains: Buried, Saint-Denis Basilica, Saint-Denis, France

Gender: Female
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Royalty

Nationality: France
Executive summary: Queen Consort of Louis XV

Marie Leszczynska, queen consort of France, was born at Breslau on the 23rd of June 1703, being the daughter of Stanislas Leszczynski (who in 1704 became king of Poland) and of Catherine Opalinska. During a temporary flight from Warsaw the child was lost, and eventually discovered in a stable; on another occasion she was for safety's sake hidden in an oven. In his exile Stanislas found his chief consolation in superintending the education of his daughter. Madame de Prie first suggested the Polish princess as a bride for Louis, Duke of Bourbon, but she was soon betrothed not to him but to Louis XV, a step which was the outcome of the jealousies of the houses of Condé and Orleans, and was everywhere regarded as a mésalliance for the French king. The marriage took place at Fontainebleau on the 5th of September 1725. Marie's one attempt to interfere in politics, an effort to prevent the disgrace of the Duke of Bourbon, was the beginning of her husband's alienation from her; and after the birth of her seventh child Louise, Marie was practically deserted by Louis, who openly avowed his liaison with Louise de Nesle, Comtesse de Mailly, who was replaced in turn by her sisters Pauline Marquise de Vintimille, and Marie Anne, Duchess de Châteauroux, and these by Madame de Pompadour. In the meantime the queen saw her father Stanislas established in Lorraine, and the affectionate intimacy which she maintained with him was the chief consolation of her harassed life. After a momentary reconciliation with Louis during his illness at Metz in 1744, Marie shut herself up more closely with her own circle of friends until her death at Versailles on the 24th of June 1768.

Father: Stanislas Leszczynski (King of Poland)
Mother: Catherine Opalinska
Husband: Louis XV (King of France)

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