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Gordon Moore

Gordon MooreAKA Gordon Earle Moore

Born: 3-Jan-1929
Birthplace: San Francisco, CA

Gender: Male
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Business, Engineer, Inventor
Party Affiliation: Republican

Nationality: United States
Executive summary: Co-founder of Intel, laid down Moore's Law

Engineer and entrepreneur Gordon Moore earned degrees in chemistry and physics from CalTech, was hired by William Shockley's Shockley Semiconductor in 1956, and was one of the "traitorous eight" engineers who left Shockley in 1957 to form the pioneering electronics firm, Fairchild Semiconductor. At Fairchild he became one of the world's foremost experts on semiconductive materials, which have much lower resistance to the flow of electrical current in one direction than in the opposite direction, and are used to manufacture diodes, photovoltaic cells, and transistors. In 1968, with Robert Noyce, he co-founded Intel, which has since become the world's largest maker of semiconductor chips.

In a 1965 article in the trade journal Electronics, Moore noted that the number of transistors that manufacturers could arrange on a single silicon chip had been doubling roughly every year, and said that he expected this trend to continue. Ten years later he updated his prediction, to say that the doubling would occur only every second year. This prediction has since became known as Moore's Law, and decades later it continues to be applicable in the semiconductor industry. In its common, simplified application it now generally refers to the doubling of semiconductor performance every 18 to 24 months.

Moore, retired since 1997, has said that he would like his legacy to be "anything but Moore's Law." He has given $600M to CalTech, and $250M to the environmental group Conservation International.

Wife: Betty I. Whittaker (m. 9-Sep-1950, two sons)
Son: Kenneth (b. 1953)
Son: Steven (b. 1959)

    High School: Sequoia High School, Redwood City, CA (1946)
    University: San Jose State University, San Jose, CA (attended, 1946-48)
    University: BS Chemistry, University of California at Berkeley (1950)
    University: PhD Chemistry and Physics, California Institute of Technology (1954)
    Administrator: Trustee, California Institute of Technology (1994-)

    Intel CEO (1979-87)
    Intel President & CEO (1975-79)
    Intel Co-Founder & EVP (1968-75)
    Fairchild Semiconductor Head of R&D (1957-68)
    Beckman Coulter Engineer, Shockley Semiconductor (1956-57)
    Member of the Board of Intel (1968-97; as Chairman 1979-97)
    Member of the Board of Gilead Sciences (1996-)
    National Medal of Technology and Innovation 1990
    Presidential Medal of Freedom 2002
    IEEE Medal of Honor 2008
    National Inventors Hall of Fame 2009
    American Association for the Advancement of Science 2003
    Campaign America Inc.
    Conservation International Board of Directors
    Elizabeth Dole Committee
    George W. Bush for President
    IEEE Fellow
    National Academy of Engineering
    Royal Academy of Engineering Foreign Member
    World Technology Network
    Asteroid Namesake 8013 Gordonmoore

    Something Ventured (24-Apr-2011) · Himself
    The Triumph of the Nerds: The Rise of Accidental Empires (12-Jun-1996) · Himself

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