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Friedrich Mohs

Friedrich MohsAKA Carl Friedrich Christian Mohs

Born: 29-Jan-1773
Birthplace: Gernrode, Germany
Died: 29-Sep-1839
Location of death: Agordo, Italy
Cause of death: unspecified
Remains: Buried, Zentralfriedhof, Vienna, Austria

Gender: Male
Religion: Christian
Race or Ethnicity: White
Occupation: Geologist

Nationality: Germany
Executive summary: Mohs Scale of Mineral Hardness

German geologist Friedrich Mohs studied under Abraham Gottlob Werner at the Mining Academy in Freiburg and worked as the foreman at a diamond mine until about 1901, when a wealthy Austrian hired Mohs to identify the gems and minerals in his rock collection. He is known for devising what is now called the Mohs Scale of Mineral Hardness, a method of assessing materials' resistance to scratching or abrasion. The scale goes from 1 to 10, with talc, which can easily be scratched by a fingernail, rated "1", and diamonds, the hardest natural stone, rated "10".

    University: University of Halle
    University: Freiburg University of Mining and Technology
    Professor: Geology, University of Graz (1812-18)
    Professor: Geology, University of Freiburg (1818-26)
    Professor: Geology, University of Vienna (1826-39)

    Royal Society of Edinburgh 1822 (Foreign Member)

Author of books:
Versuch einer Elementar-Methode zur Naturhistorischen Bestimmung und Erkennung der Fossilien (A primary Method to Determine Natural History and Identification of Fossils) (1812)
Die Charaktere der Klassen, Ordnungen, Geschlechter und Arten; oder, Die Charakteristik des Naturhistorischen Mineralsystemes (The Characteristics of the Classes, Orders, Gender and Species, or, The Natural History Characteristics of the Mineral-Systems) (1821)
Grund-riss der Mineralogie (Treatise on Mineralogy) (1822)
Leichtfassliche Anfangsgrunde der Naturgeschichte des Mineralreiches (Natural History of the Mineral Kingdom) (1832)
Die ersten Begriffe der Mineralogie und Geognosie fur Junge Praktische (Introduction to Minerology for Young Geologists) (1842)

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