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André Lwoff

André LwoffAKA André Michel Lwoff

Born: 8-May-1902
Birthplace: Ainay-le-Château, France
Died: 30-Sep-1994
Location of death: Paris, France
Cause of death: Natural Causes

Gender: Male
Religion: Jewish
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Scientist, Doctor

Nationality: France
Executive summary: Operon theory of genetic control

André Lwoff was awarded the Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine in 1965, along with François Jacob and Jacques Monod, for his finding that the genetic material of a virus can be assimilated into bacteria, and carried to succeeding generations. He was hired as a research assistant at the Pasteur Institute when he was 19 years old, and worked there for the next 46 years. He interrupted his work to become involved in the French underground during World War II, for which he was awarded the Médaille de la Résistance by Charles de Gaulle. His wife, microbiologist Marguerite Lwoff, was his frequent scientific collaborator.

Father: Solomon Lwoff (psychiatrist)
Mother: Marie Siminovitch Lwoff (artist)
Wife: Marguerite Lwoff (microbiologist, m. 1925, d. 1979)

    University: BS Biology, University of Paris (1921)
    Medical School: MD, University of Paris (1927)
    University: PhD, University of Paris (1932)
    Scholar: Pasteur Institute, Paris (1921-68)
    Scholar: Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Medical Research (now Max Planck Inst., 1932-33)
    Scholar: Cambridge University (1936)
    Professor: Microbiology, University of Paris (1959-68)
    Administrator: l'Institut Gustave Roussy, Villejuif, France (Director, 1968-72)

    Nobel Prize for Medicine 1965, with François Jacob and Jacques Monod
    Leeuwenhoek Medal
    French Legion of Honor
    National Academy of Sciences 1955
    Royal Society 1958
    French Ancestry
    Polish Ancestry
    Russian Ancestry

Author of books:
Problems of Morphogenesis in Ciliates (1950)
Biological Order (1962)
Of Microbes and Life (1971, with Ernest Borek and Jacques Monod)

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