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Henri Bergson

Henri BergsonAKA Henri-Louis Bergson

Born: 18-Oct-1859
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: 4-Jan-1941
Location of death: Paris, France
Cause of death: Respiratory failure
Remains: Buried, Cimetière de Garches, Hauts-de-Seine, France

Gender: Male
Religion: Jewish
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Philosopher

Nationality: France
Executive summary: L'Évolution Créatrice

French philosopher Henri Bergson drew distinctions between different kinds of knowledge — science v. philosophy, perception v. intuition — and wrote extensively on the moral implications of freedom and the relation between body and mind. He embraced Charles Darwin's theory of evolution, adding his own caveat that the driving force of natural selection could not be merely the blind luck of survival but some creative force driven by the original impetus of life. He won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1927, and died in 1941.

His father, Michał Bergson, was a composer and pianist of some regional renown. His sister Mina was known as Moina Mathers after she married occultist and magician Samuel Liddell MacGregor Mathers, mystic mentor of Aleister Crowley. Bergson's wife, Louise Neuburger, was a cousin of novelist Marcel Proust.

Father: Michel Jozef Sonnenberg Bergson (composer, b. 20-May-1820, d. 9-Mar-1898)
Mother: Katherine Levison (m. 27-Jan-1856)
Sister: Mina Bergson ("Moina", b. 28-Feb-1865, m. MacGregor Mathers 16-Jun-1890, d. 25-Jun-1928)
Wife: Louise Neuburger (cousin of Marcel Proust, b. 12-Jun-1872, m. 7-Jan-1892, d. 2-Aug-1946)
Daughter: Jeanne Adèle Bergson (artist, b. 16-Mar-1893, d. 23-Oct-1961)

    High School: Lycée Condorcet, Paris
    University: École Normale Supérieure (1878-81)
    Teacher: Lycée Henri-IV
    Teacher: École Normale Supérieure (1898-1900)
    Professor: Collège de France (1900-14, formally retired 1921)

    Nobel Prize for Literature 1927
    French Legion of Honor
    French Academy 1914
    League of Nations Commission for Intellectual Cooperation
    English Ancestry (maternal)
    Irish Ancestry (maternal)
    Jewish Ancestry (paternal)
    Polish Ancestry (paternal)
    Naturalized French Citizen
    Risk Factors: Arthritis

Author of books:
Essai sur les Données (Time and Free Will) (1889)
Matière et Mémoire (Matter and Memory) (1896)
Le Rire (Laughter) (1900)
Introduction à la Metaphysique (Introduction to Metaphysics) (1903)
L'Évolution Créatrice (Creative Evolution) (1907)
L'énergie Spirituelle (Mind-energy) (1919)
Durée et Simultanéité (Duration and Simultaneity) (1922)
Les Deux Sources de la Morale et de la Religion (Two Sources of Morality and Religion) (1932)
La Pensée et le Mouvant (The Creative Mind: An Introduction to Metaphysics) (1935)

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