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Bernardo Houssay

Bernardo HoussayAKA Bernardo Alberto Houssay

Born: 10-Apr-1887
Birthplace: Buenos Aires, Argentina
Died: 21-Sep-1971
Location of death: Buenos Aires, Argentina
Cause of death: Natural Causes
Remains: Buried, La Chacarita Cemetery, Buenos Aires, Argentina

Gender: Male
Race or Ethnicity: Hispanic
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Scientist, Doctor

Nationality: Argentina
Executive summary: Pituitary hormones in sugar metabolism

Bernardo Houssay moved up the academic ladder at an astonishing rate, being appointed full professor -- at the University of Buenos Aires's School of Veterinary Medicine -- a year before completing his MD. Later, at the School of Medicine, his research specialty was the endocrine glands, but among his over 600 published papers he also studied circulation and respiration, immunity, the digestive and nervous systems, and the chemical make-up of animal venoms. In 1947, for his research into how hormones from the pituitary gland work to metabolize sugars, he became the first Argentinean scientist to win the Nobel Prize in Medicine. His Nobel honors were shared with Carl and Gerty Cori.

Known for his outspoken liberal politics, Houssay was stripped of his academic position when Juan Peron first took power in Argentina. He worked two years at the privately-funded Institute of Biology and Experimental Medicine, before the Argentine government ordered him fired there as well. Changing political winds allowed him to return to the University of Buenos Aires in 1955.

Father: Albert Houssay (attorney)
Mother: Clara Laffont Houssay
Wife: Maria Angelica Catan (chemist, d. 1962)
Son: Alberto Houssay
Son: Hector Houssay
Son: Raul Houssay (physician)

    High School: Colegio Britanico, Rio Gallegos, Argentina (1901)
    University: BA Pharmacology, University of Buenos Aires (1904)
    Medical School: MD, University of Buenos Aires (1911)
    Teacher: Physiology, University of Buenos Aires (1907-11)
    Professor: Physiology, University of Buenos Aires (1910-43)
    Administrator: University of Buenos Aires Medical School (1919-43, 55-71)
    Scholar: Institute of Biology and Experimental Medicine (1943-45)
    Administrator: Pre-opening work, Leloir Institute, Buenos Aires (1945-47)
    Administrator: National Scientific and Technical Research Council (1957-71)

Author of books:
Accion De La Tiroides Sobre El Metabolismo De Los Hidratos De Carbono Y En La Diabetes (1945)
Libri Jubilar del Profesor Bernardo A. Houssay (1947)
Human Physiology (1951)

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