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Aleksandr Borodin

Aleksandr BorodinAKA Aleksandr Porfiryevich Borodin

Born: 12-Nov-1833 [1]
Birthplace: St. Petersburg, Russia
Died: 27-Feb-1887 [2]
Location of death: St. Petersburg, Russia
Cause of death: Heart Failure
Remains: Buried, Alexander Nevsky Monastery, St. Petersburg, Russia

Gender: Male
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Composer

Nationality: Russia
Executive summary: Prince Igor

Russian musical composer, natural son of a Russian prince, was born in St. Petersburg on the 12th of November 1833. He was brought up to the medical profession, and in 1862 was appointed assistant professor of chemistry at the St. Petersburg Academy of Medicine. He wrote several works on chemistry, and took a leading part in advocating women's education, helping to found the school of medicine for women, and lecturing there from 1872 until his death. But he is best known as a musician. His interest in music was indeed stimulated from 1862 onwards by his friendship with Mily Balakirev, and from 1863 by his marriage with a lady who was an accomplished pianist; but in his earlier years he had been proficient both in playing the piano, violin, cello and other instruments, and also in composing; and during life he did his best to pursue his studies in both music and chemistry with equal enthusiasm. Like other Russian composers he owed much to the influence of Franz Liszt at Weimar. His first symphony was written in 1862-67; his opera Prince Igor, begun in 1869, was left unfinished at his death, and was completed by Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov and Aleksandr Glazunov (1889); his symphonic sketch, In the Steppes (1880) is, however, his best-known work. Borodin also wrote a second symphony (1871-77), part of a third (orchestrated after his death by Glazounov), and a few string quartets and some fine songs. His music is characteristically Russian, and of an advanced modern type. He died suddenly at St. Petersburg, on the 27th of February 1887.

[1] Old Style, 31 October 1833. New Style, 12 November 1833.

[2] Old Style, 15 February 1887. New Style, 27 February 1887.

Father: Luka Gedevanishvili (Georgian Prince)
Wife: Ekaterina Sergeyevna Protopopova (m. 29-Apr-1863, until his death, one child)
Daughter: Liza Balaneva (adopted)

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