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Edward C. Kendall

Edward C. KendallAKA Edward Calvin Kendall

Born: 8-Sep-1886
Birthplace: South Norwalk, CT
Died: 4-May-1972
Location of death: Princeton, NJ
Cause of death: Natural Causes
Remains: Buried, Rochester, MN

Gender: Male
Religion: Congregationalist
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Scientist

Nationality: United States
Executive summary: Adrenocortical hormones

Edward C. Kendall was educated at Columbia University, then worked at a hospital affiliated with Columbia, where he studied hormones of the thyroid. When he was assigned to analyze the chemicals in a box of breakfast cereal, he quit on the spot, and almost immediately accepted an offer from the Mayo Foundation, affiliated with the University of Minnesota. He spent decades at Mayo, searching for the active factor of the adrenal gland, and identified several steroids, including cortisone, corticosterone, and hydrocortisone. Cortisones are widely used in treating numerous diseases, including maladies of the eye, skin, kidney, and lungs. Kendall also isolated the peptide glutathione from yeast, and isolated thyroxin, a hormone of the thyroid gland.

For his research into the structure and function of adrenal cortex hormones, Kendall won the Nobel Prize for Medicine in 1950, shared with his Mayo colleague Philip S. Hench and, working simultaneously but independently at the University of Zurich, Tadeus Reichstein.

Father: George Stanley Kendall (dentist)
Mother: Eva Frances Abbott Kendall
Wife: Rebecca Kennedy Kendall (m. Dec-1915)
Son: Hugh Kendall
Son: Roy Kendall
Son: Norman Kendall
Daughter: Elizabeth Kendall

    High School: South Norwalk High School, South Norwalk, CT
    High School: Stamford High School, Stamford, CT (1904)
    University: BS Chemistry, Columbia University (1908)
    University: MS Chemistry, Columbia University (1909)
    University: PhD Chemistry, Columbia University (1910)
    Scholar: Columbia University (1910-13)
    Professor: Physiological Chemistry, University of Minnesota (1916-51)
    Administrator: University of Minnesota (1945-51)
    Professor: Biochemistry, Princeton University (1951-72)

    Lasker Award 1949
    Nobel Prize for Medicine 1950, with Philip S. Hench and Tadeus Reichstein
    Pfizer (Research chemist, 1910-11, when company was Parke-Davis)
    Mayo Foundation (Director of Biochemistry, 1914-51)
    American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (President, 1925-26)

Author of books:
Cortisone: Memoirs of a Hormone Hunter (1971)

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