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August Möbius

August MöbiusAKA August Ferdinand Möbius

Born: 17-Nov-1790
Birthplace: Schulpforta, Germany
Died: 26-Sep-1868
Location of death: Leipzig, Germany
Cause of death: unspecified
Remains: Buried, Leipzig Cemetery, Leipzig, Germany

Gender: Male
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Astronomer, Mathematician

Nationality: Germany
Executive summary: Möbius strip

German astronomer and mathematician August Möbius studied under Carl Friedrich Gauss, and wrote about theoretical astronomy, projective geometry, and topology. He introduced the Möbius function of combinatorics, the Möbius inversion formula and Möbius transform in number theory, and the Möbius transformation used in projective geometry. He was most known in his time as an astronomer, but he is remembered for describing the properties of a two-dimensional surface with only one side, now called the Mobius band or strip, and usually represented as a flat strip of paper with a half twist brought together as a continuous, single-edged loop. Another mathematician, Johann Benedict Listing (1808-1882), independently discovered the same concept a few months earlier, but Möbius' work was published first. He was a direct descendant of Martin Luther, on his mother's side.

Father: Johann Heinrich Möbius (dance instructor, b. 1752, d. 1792)
Mother: Johanne Keil Möbius (b. 1758, d. 1820)
Wife: Dorothea Christiane Johanna Rothe Möbius (completely blind, b. 1790, m. 1820, d. 1859, one daughter, two sons)
Daughter: Emilie d'Arrest Möbius (b. 1822, d. 1897)
Son: August Theodor Möbius (literature professor, b. 1821, d. 1890)
Son: Paul Heinrich Möbius (b. 1825, d. 1899)

    High School: Schulpforta College, Schulpforta, Germany (1809)
    University: University of Leipzig
    University: University of Göttingen
    University: University of Halle
    Teacher: Astronomy, University of Leipzig (1816-44)
    Professor: Astronomy, University of Leipzig (1844-68)
    Scholar: Astronomer, Leipzig Observatory (1816-48)
    Administrator: Director, Leipzig Observatory (1848-68)

    French Academy of Sciences
    Asteroid Namesake 28516 Möbius
    German Ancestry

Author of books:
Concerning the Calculation of the Occultations of the Planets (1815)
The Calculus of Centers of Gravity (1827)
The Principles of Astronomy (1836)
Handbook on Statics (1837)
The Elements of Celestial Mechanics (1843)

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