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Andrew Z. Fire

AKA Andrew Zachary Fire

Born: 27-Apr-1959
Birthplace: Stanford, CA

Gender: Male
Race or Ethnicity: White
Occupation: Scientist

Nationality: United States
Executive summary: RNA interference

Andrew Z. Fire studied under Nobel laureate Phillip A. Sharp at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and worked alongside Sydney Brenner at England's Medical Research Council. In 1998, Fire discovered ribonucleic acid (RNA) interference, a process by which double stranded RNA inhibits gene expression. Their work effectively created a new field of research, allowing scientists to study what myriad genes do, by controlling this otherwise natural method of switching genes off. Fire and Craig C. Mello shared the Nobel Prize in Medicine in 2006, and the accompanying $1.4-million remuneration. Fire now works at Stanford University -- where he was born.

Father: Phil Fire (engineer at GTE)

    High School: Fremont High School, Sunnyvale, CA (1975)
    University: BS Mathematics, UC Berkeley (1978)
    University: PhD Biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (1983)
    Scholar: Molecular Biology, Medical Research Council (1983-86)
    Professor: Biology, Johns Hopkins University (1989-)
    Professor: Stanford University (2003-)

    Nobel Prize for Medicine 2006 (with Craig C. Mello)
    American Academy of Arts and Sciences
    Carnegie Institution for Science 1986-2003
    National Academy of Sciences
    Science Debate 2008

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