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Nicholas J. Hoff

AKA Nicholas John Hoff

Born: 3-Jan-1906
Birthplace: Magyarovar, Hungary
Died: 4-Aug-1997
Location of death: Palo Alto, CA
Cause of death: Natural Causes

Gender: Male
Religion: Lutheran
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Engineer

Nationality: United States
Executive summary: Aluminum in aircraft design

Beginning in the 1940s, aeronautical engineer Nicholas J. Hoff studied the flexible stability and advanced the design of aluminum as a lightweight, thin external skin for increasingly high-speed aircraft. Beginning with a reinforced aluminum monocoque (external load-bearing shell), Hoff and his students solved the problems of inward-bulge buckling and the effects of heat generated at high speeds, and conducted research that led to the adoption of thin aluminum fuselages for commercial airliners. Hoff was also involved in the structural design of early spacecraft, and devised techniques for shell analysis that were later used in the design of submarines.

Father: Miklos Hoff (dentist)
Mother: Lenke Hoff
Wife: Vivian Church Huff (m. 1940, d. 1969, no children)
Wife: Ruth Kleczewski Hoff (m. 1972)
Daughter: Karen Kleczewski Brandt (stepdaughter)

    High School: Fasori Lutheran Gymnasium, Budapest, Hungary
    University: BS Engineering, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (1928)
    University: PhD Engineering, Stanford University (1942)
    Teacher: Engineering, Polytechnic University of New York (1942-46)
    Professor: Engineering, Polytechnic University of New York (1946-57)
    Professor: Aeronautical Engineering, Stanford University (1957-71)
    Professor: Engineering, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (1971-97)

    ASME Medal 1974
    Manfred Weiss Aeroplane and Motor Works Engineer (1929-39)
    American Society of Civil Engineers
    American Society of Mechanical Engineers
    French Academy of Sciences Corresponding Member
    National Academy of Engineering
    Naturalized US Citizen
    Hungarian Ancestry

Author of books:
The Analysis of Structures (1956)
Theory and Experiment in the Solution of Structural Problems of Supersonic Aircraft (1956)
High Temperature Effects in Aircraft Structures (1958)
Monocoque, Sandwich, and Composite Aerospace Structures (1986)

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