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Arne Tiselius

Arne TiseliusAKA Arne Wilhelm Kaurin Tiselius

Born: 10-Aug-1902
Birthplace: Stockholm, Sweden
Died: 29-Aug-1971
Location of death: Uppsala, Sweden
Cause of death: Heart Failure

Gender: Male
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Chemist

Nationality: Sweden
Executive summary: Electrophoresis

Swedish protein chemist Arne Tiselius won the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1948, for developing two new systems (electrophoresis in 1930, and adsorption analysis in 1943) for separating proteins on the basis of their migration in an electric field. Using and improving his techniques, he made great strides in detecting colloids (gelatinous or mucinous substances found in tissues) and determined and described the complex nature of proteins in blood serum. In 1937 he confirmed that there are four distinct groups of proteins albumins and alpha, beta, and gamma globulins. His electrophoresis technique is still commonly used in biochemistry, and Tiselius is credited as the "father of electrophoresis".

As an undergraduate he worked as a research assistant in The Svedberg's laboratory at the University of Uppsala. More than a decade after winning his Nobel honor, he served as chairman of the Nobel Foundation, and in 1963 he noted that "The world is full of people who should get the Nobel Prize but haven't got it and won't get it."

Father: Hans Tiselius (physician, d. 1906)
Mother: Rosa Kaurin
Wife: Ingrid Margareta Dalén ("Greta", m. 1930)
Daughter: Eva (b. 1932)
Son: Per (physician, b. 1934)

    University: MA Chemistry, University of Uppsala (1924)
    University: PhD, University of Uppsala (1930)
    Scholar: University of Uppsala (1925-32)
    Scholar: Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, NJ (1934-35)
    Professor: Biochemistry, University of Uppsala (1937-71)

    Swedish Natural Science Research Council Chair, 1946-50
    Nobel Prize for Chemistry 1948
    National Academy of Sciences Foreign Member, 1949
    International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry President, 1951-55
    Royal Society Foreign Member, 1957
    Nobel Foundation Vice Chair, 1947-60
    Nobel Foundation Chair, 1960-64
    Heart Attack 29-Aug-1971 (fatal)
    Lunar Crater Tiselius (7.0 N 176.5 E, 53 km. diameter)

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