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Theodor Fontane

Theodor FontaneBorn: 30-Dec-1819
Birthplace: Neuruppin, Brandenburg, Germany
Died: 20-Sep-1898
Location of death: Berlin, Germany
Cause of death: unspecified
Remains: Buried, Franzoesischer Friedhof II, Berlin, Germany

Gender: Male
Race or Ethnicity: White
Occupation: Author

Nationality: Germany
Executive summary: Before the Storm

Military service: Prussian Army (1844-)

German poet and novelist, was born at Brandenburg on the 30th of December 1819. At the age of sixteen he was apprenticed to a chemist, and after qualifying as an apothecary, he found employment in Leipzig and Dresden. In 1844 he travelled in England, in 1849 settling in Berlin and devoting himself to literature. He made repeated journeys to England, interesting himself in old English ballads, and as the first fruits of his tours published Ein Sommer in London (1854), and several other studies. Fontane was particularly attached to the Mark of Brandenburg, in which his home lay; he was proud of its past achievements, and delighted in the growth of the capital city, Berlin. The fascination which the country of his birth had for him may be seen in his delightfully picturesque Wanderungen durch die Mark Brandenburg (1862-82), in four volumes. He also described the wars of Prussia in several journalistic works. He proceeded to the theatre of war in 1870, and, being taken prisoner at Vaucouleurs, remained three months in captivity. His experiences he narrates in Kriegsgefangen Erlebtes 1870, and he published the result of his observations of the campaign in Der Krieg gegen Frankreich 1870-71. Like most of his contemporaries, he at first sought inspiration for his poetry in the heroes of other countries. His Gedichte (1851) and ballads Männer und Helden tell of England's glories in bygone days. Then the achievements of his own countrymen entered into rivalry, and these, as an ardent patriot, he immortalized in poem and narrative. It is, however, as a novelist that Fontane is best known. His fine historical romance Vor dem Sturm (1878) was followed by a series of novels of modern life. His novels brought him recognition as the pioneer of realism in Germany, and perhaps he is Germnay's best 19th century novelist. Fontane died on the 20th of September 1898 at Berlin.

Author of books:
Männer und Helden (1850)
Ein Sommer in London (1854)
Jenseits des Tweed (1860)
Aus England, Studien und Briefe (1860)
Balladen (1861)
Wanderungen durch die Mark Brandenburg (1862-82, 4 vols.)
Der schleswig-holsteinische Krieg im Jahre 1864 (1866)
Der deutsche Krieg von 1866 (1869)
Kriegsgefangen Erlebtes 1870 (1871)
Der Krieg gegen Frankreich 1870-71 (1874-76)
Vor dem Sturm (1878, novel, Before the Storm)
L'Adultera (1882, novel, The Woman Taken in Adultery)
Schach von Wuthenow (1883, novel, A Man of Honor)
Irrungen, Wirrungen (1888, novel, Entanglements)
Frau Jenny Treibel (1893, novel)
Effi Briest (1895, novel)
Die Poggenpuhls (1896, novel)
Der Stechlin (1899, novel)

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