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Eugene Parker

AKA Eugene Newman Parker

Born: 10-Jun-1927
Birthplace: Houghton, MI

Gender: Male
Race or Ethnicity: White
Occupation: Astronomer, Physicist

Nationality: United States
Executive summary: Solar winds

Astrophysicist Eugene Parker challenged the then-settled concept that interplanetary space is generally devoid of everything, with his 1958 theory of solar wind, a slight but vigorous, dense, and complex flow of particles outward from the Sun. He devised "Parker's Limit," which posits that monopoles draw energy from nearby magnetic fields as they travel across the galaxy, and his work was vital to space exploration during the 1960s and 70s. He is considered a leading expert on solar corona, the threat posed to astronauts by cosmic rays, and magnetic fields in the heliosphere.

    University: BS, Michigan State University (1948)
    University: PhD Astrophysics, California Institute of Technology (1951)
    Teacher: Astrophysics, University of Utah (1951-55)
    Teacher: Astrophysics, University of Chicago (1955-71)
    Professor: Astrophysics, University of Chicago (1971-)

    Chapman Medal 1979
    National Medal of Science 1989
    Bruce Medal 1997
    Kyoto Prize 2003
    Royal Astronomical Society Gold Medal 1992
    American Astronomical Society
    American Geophysical Union
    American Physical Society
    National Academy of Sciences 1967
    Asteroid Namesake 11756 Geneparker

Author of books:
Cosmical Magnetic Fields (1979)
Spontaneous Current Sheets in Magnetic Fields with Application to Stellar X-Rays (1994)
Conversations on Electric and Magnetic Fields in the Cosmos (2007)

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