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Archer J. P. Martin

Archer J. P. MartinAKA Archer John Porter Martin

Born: 1-Mar-1910
Birthplace: London, England
Died: 28-Jul-2002
Location of death: Llangarron, Herefordshire, England
Cause of death: unspecified

Gender: Male
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Chemist

Nationality: England
Executive summary: Partition chromatography

Working with Richard L. M. Synge, English biochemist Archer J. P. Martin invented partition chromatography in 1941, a technique for separating and identifying the various parts of complex chemical mixtures. Their research on the topic was among the most cited scientific papers of their era, and the technique they pioneered became fundamental to scientific research in biology, chemistry, and medicine. Martin suffered from dyslexia in childhood, and did not learn to read until he was eight years of age. He and Synge shared the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1952, and Frederick Sanger used partition chromatography in his first sequencing of insulin.

Father: William Archer Porter Martin (physician, b. 15-Dec-1859, d. circa 1936)
Mother: Lilian Kate Brown Ayling Martin (nurse, b. 2-Mar-1875, m. 16-Jul-1902, d. 1965)
Wife: Judith Bagenal (b. 8-Nov-1918, m. 9-Jan-1943, two sons, three daughters)
Son: Ian Christopher Thompson (adopted 1965)

    High School: Bedford School, Bedford, England (1929)
    University: BS, Cambridge University (1932)
    University: PhD, University of Cambridge (1936)
    Professor: University of Houston (1974-79)

    Royal Society 1950
    Berzelius Medal of the Royal Swedish Academy 1951
    Nobel Prize for Chemistry 1952 (with Richard L. M. Synge)
    John Scott Medal 1958
    John Price Wetherill Medal 1959
    Commander of the British Empire 1960
    Dunn Nutritional Laboratory at Leeds (1933-38)
    British Textile Technology Group (Wool Industries Research Ass'n, 1938-46)
    Boots UK Ltd. (1946-48)
    Lister Institute of Preventive Medicine (1948-52)
    National Institute for Medical Research (1952-59)
    Abbotsbury Laboratories (1959-70)
    Glaxo Wellcome (1970-73)
    English Ancestry
    Risk Factors: Dyslexia, Alzheimer's

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