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Sir Cyril Hinshelwood

Sir Cyril HinshelwoodAKA Cyril Norman Hinshelwood

Born: 19-Jun-1897
Birthplace: London, England
Died: 9-Oct-1967
Location of death: London, England
Cause of death: unspecified

Gender: Male
Religion: Anglican/Episcopalian
Race or Ethnicity: White
Occupation: Chemist

Nationality: England
Executive summary: The Kinetics of Chemical Change

British chemist Cyril Hinshelwood worked for three years at an explosives and munitions factory after completing high school, before enrolling at Oxford's Balliol College at the conclusion of World War I. In 1926 he described the complex and explosive reactions of hydrogen and oxygen, a significant contribution to the scientific understanding of chemical kinetics. He shared the 1956 Nobel Prize for Chemistry with Russian physicist Nikolay Semyonov, who conducted similar work independently. He headed Oxford's Dante Society, enjoyed collecting Chinese pottery and Persian rugs, and never married.

Father: Norman Macmillan Hinshelwood (accountant, d. 1904)
Mother: Ethel Frances Smith

    High School: Westminster City School, London, England (1916)
    University: Oxford University (1924)
    Fellow: Balliol College, Oxford University
    Fellow: Trinity College, Oxford University
    Fellow: Exeter College, Oxford University
    Teacher: Trinity College, Oxford University (1921-37)
    Professor: Dr. Lee's Professor of Chemistry, Oxford University (1937-64)
    Scholar: Sr. Research Fellow, Imperial College London (1964-)

    Lavoisier Medal 1935
    Davy Medal 1942
    Royal Medal 1947
    Knight of the British Empire 1948
    RSC Longstaff Prize 1948
    Guldberg Medal 1952
    IET Faraday Medal 1953
    Amadeo Avogadro Medal 1956
    Nobel Prize for Chemistry 1956 (with Nikolay Semyonov)
    Leverhulme Medal 1960
    Order of Merit 1960
    Copley Medal 1962
    Classical Association President, 1959
    Pontifical Academy of Sciences
    Royal Society 1929
    Royal Society of Chemistry President, Chemical Society of London, 1946-48
    Royal Society Secretary, 1950-55
    Royal Society President, 1955-60
    Royal Society of Chemistry President, Faraday Society, 1961-62
    English Ancestry

Author of books:
Thermodynamics for Students of Chemistry (1926, textbook)
The Kinetics of Chemical Change (1926, chemistry)
The Chemical Kinetics of the Bacterial Cell (1946, chemistry)
The Structure of Physical Chemistry (1951, chemistry)
Chemistry and Man (1953, lectures)
Growth, Function and Regulation in Bacterial Cells (1966, chemistry)

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