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Ilya Prigogine

Ilya PrigogineBorn: 25-Jan-1917
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: 28-May-2003
Location of death: Brussels, Belgium
Cause of death: unspecified

Gender: Male
Religion: Jewish
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Chemist

Nationality: Belgium
Executive summary: Theory of dissipative structures

Russian-born Belgian chemist Ilya Prigogine showed that being restricted to reversible processes and equilibrium states was a serious limitation of classical thermodynamics, and suggested that true thermodynamic equilibrium is attained only rarely. His work sought to reconcile the seeming discrepancy between nature's drive toward disorder as noted in the second law of thermodynamics, and the opposite drive of "self-organisation", wherein order is created from disorder, as seen in the formation of complex proteins from simple molecules. He developed mathematical models to explain irreversible thermodynamics, defined dissipative structures and their role in thermodynamic systems, and won the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1977.

Father: Roman Prigogine (chemical engineer, d. 1974)
Mother: Julia Wichman
Brother: Alexander (chemist)
Wife: Marina Prokopowicz (m. 25-Feb-1961, two sons)
Son: Yves Prigogine (b. 5-Jul-1945)
Son: Pascal Prigogine (b. 6-Feb-1970)

    University: BS Chemistry, University of Brussels (1938)
    Professor: PhD Chemistry, University of Brussels (1941)
    Professor: University of Brussels (1947-67)
    Professor: Physics and Chemical Engineering, University of Texas at Austin (1959-2003)
    Scholar: Enrico Fermi Institute at the University of Chicago (1961-67)
    Administrator: International Institute of Physics and Chemistry, Solvay, Belgium (1962-67)
    Administrator: Center for Complex Quantum Systems, University of Texas at Austin (1967-2003)

    Exceptionnal Francqui Prize for European Research 1955
    Order of Leopold, Belgium 1961
    Order de la Couronne, Belgium 1968
    Rumford Medal 1976
    Nobel Prize for Chemistry 1977
    Grand Cross of the Order of Léopold II, Belgium 1977
    Ordre National du Mérite Commander, 1977
    French Legion of Honor Commander, 1989
    Knighthood 21-Jul-1989 as Vicomte
    Order of the Rising Sun 1991
    American Academy of Arts and Sciences Foreign Member, 1960
    American Chemical Society Foreign Member, 1976
    Argentine National Academy of Science Foreign Member, 1989
    German Academy of Sciences Leopoldina Foreign Member, 1970
    Indian Academy of Sciences Foreign Fellow, 1979
    International Academy of Science
    International Union of Pure and Applied Physics
    Korean Academy of Science and Technology Foreign Member, 1996
    Max Planck Society for the Advancement of Science Foreign Member, 1984
    National Academy of Sciences Foreign Associate, 1967
    New York Academy of Sciences Foreign Member, 1962
    Polish Chemical Society Foreign Member, 1971
    Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Foreign Member, 1967
    Russian Academy of Sciences Foreign Member, 1982
    Jewish Ancestry
    Russian Ancestry
    Naturalized Belgian Citizen 1949

Author of books:
Thermodynamics of Irreversible Processes (1955)
Nonequilibrium Statistical Mechanics (1962)
Self-Organization in Non-Equilibrium Systems: From Dissipative Structures to Order Through Fluctuations (1977, with Grégoire Nicolis)
From Being to Becoming: Time and Complexity in the Physical Sciences (1980)
Order Out of Chaos (1983, with Isabelle Stengers)
Exploring Complexity (1989, with Grégoire Nicolis)
The End of Certainty, Time, Chaos and the New Laws of Nature (1997, with Isabelle Stengers)
Modern Thermodynamics: From Heat Engines to Dissipative Structures (1998, with Dilip Kondepudi)
Is Future Given? (2003)

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