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Enver Pasha

Enver PashaAKA Ismail Enver

Born: 22-Nov-1881
Birthplace: Istanbul, Turkey
Died: 4-Aug-1922
Location of death: Cegan Hill, near Obtar, Tajikistan
Cause of death: War
Remains: Buried, Memorial Hill, Caglayan district, Istanbul

Gender: Male
Religion: Muslim
Race or Ethnicity: Middle Eastern
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Government, Military

Nationality: Turkey
Executive summary: Young Turk leader, persecuted ethnic minorities

Military service: Ottoman Army (General)

"Henceforth, we are all brothers. There are no longer Bulgars, Greeks, Roumans, Jews, Mohammedans; under the same blue sky we are all equal, we glory being Ottomans." -- Enver Pasha, upon the success of the Young Turks rebellion, 1908

"The Ottoman Empire should be cleansed of the Armenians and the Lebanese. We have destroyed the former by the sword, we shall destroy the latter through starvation." -- Enver Pasha, May 1916

"When the Turkish authorities gave the orders for these deportations, they were merely giving the death warrant to a whole race; they understood this well, and, in their conversations with me, they made no particular attempt to conceal the fact. [...] I am confident that the whole history of the human race contains no such horrible episode as this. The great massacres and persecutions of the past seem almost insignificant when compared to the sufferings of the Armenian race in 1915." -- Henry Morgenthau Sr, the United States' ambassador to the Ottoman Empire

"We have this country absolutely under our control. I have no desire to shift the blame on to our underlings and I am entirely willing to accept the responsibility myself for everything that has taken place. The Cabinet itself has ordered the deportations. I am convinced that we are completely justified in doing this owing to the hostile attitude of the Armenians toward the Ottoman Government, but we are the real rulers of Turkey, and no underling would dare proceed in a matter of this kind without our orders." -- Enver Pasha in response to questions concerning the role of the Young Turks in the Armenian massacres of 1915.

Father: Ahmed Bey
Mother: Aisha Hanim
Brother: Nuri Pasha
Wife: Emine Naciye Sultan (daughter of Sultan Mehmed V)
Daughter: Mahpeyker Hanim
Son: Ali Enver (Turkish Air Force captain, d. 1971 automobile accident)

    Military School: (Military School)
    Military College: Istanbul War College

    Genocide convicted in absentia for the Armenian massacres (Jul-1919)
    Duel: Pistols Sep-1914
    Shot: Dueling Sep-1914
    Shot: Battle
    Assassination Attempt Mar-1916
    Exiled 1-Nov-1918
    Held Prisoner Lithuania (1918), two months
    Held Prisoner Riga, Latvia (1919)
    Traveled to Bolshevik Russia Aug-1920
    Escaped Death Sentence
    Exhumed 1996, returned to Turkey from Tajikistan
    Turkish Ancestry (paternal)
    Albanian Ancestry (maternal)

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