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Richard Axel

Born: 2-Jul-1946
Birthplace: Brooklyn, NY

Gender: Male
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Scientist, Doctor

Nationality: United States
Executive summary: Odorant receptors and olfactory organization

For his research into research on the olfactory system, neurobiologist Richard Axel and Linda B. Buck shared the Nobel Prize in Medicine in 2004. Their work detailed about a thousand genes involved in laboratory rats' sense of smell. Earlier in his career, Axel developed a process called cotransformation, widely used in pharmaceutical research, which allows foreign DNA to be inserted inside a host cell to trigger production of certain proteins. Axel's half of the Nobel cash stipend was about $650,000.

As a teenager, he played for the basketball team at Manhattan's Stuyvesant High School, and he still remembers a game where he scored two points against Power High's Lew Alcindor (who scored 53). Axel has said he attended medical school mainly to obtain a deferment from America's war in Vietnam, and that he was granted his medical degree only after promising never to actually practice medicine.

Father: (tailor)
Mother: (homemaker)
Sister: Linda
Son: Adam
Son: Jonathan
Girlfriend: Cori Bargmann (geneticist)

    High School: Stuyvesant High School, New York City (1963)
    University: BS, Columbia University (1967)
    Medical School: MD, Johns Hopkins University (1970)
    Scholar: Genetics, National Institutes of Health (1970-74)
    Teacher: Cancer Research, Columbia University (1974-78)
    Professor: Pathology and Biochemistry, Columbia University (1978-)

    American Academy of Arts and Sciences
    American Philosophical Society
    Howard Hughes Medical Institute Investigator (1984-)
    John Kerry for President
    Kerry Victory 2004
    National Academy of Sciences
    Nobel Prize for Medicine 2004 (with Linda B. Buck)
    Draft Deferment: Vietnam
    Jewish Ancestry
    Polish Ancestry

Author of books:
Eucaryotic Gene Regulation (1979, with Tom Maniatis and C. Fred Fox)

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