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David J. Gross

AKA David Jonathan Gross

Born: 19-Feb-1941
Birthplace: Washington, DC

Gender: Male
Religion: Jewish
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Physicist

Nationality: United States
Executive summary: Deep structure of matter

David J. Gross is a physicist who heads the Institute for Theoretical Physics at the University of California at Santa Barbara. He was born and raised in America, but in his early adolescence his family moved to Israel. He was immersed in Hebrew, a language he had not known, and he became fascinated by physics. He says he was 13 when he decided to become a theoretical physicist.

For research into the "strong force" -- the interaction binding quarks, antiquarks, and gluons to make hadrons -- Gross was awarded the 2004 Nobel Prize in Physics. The honor was shared with his first graduate student and collaborator, Frank Wilczek, and with H. David Politzer, who reached the same conclusions through research conducted independently. Their work describes 'asymptotic freedom', the property of some gauge theories in which the interaction between particles becomes weaker at ever-decreasing distances, and stronger as the distance decreases, and has led to a new physical theory of quantum chromodynamics. Gross also conducted important research into superstring theory.

His father was an upper-level federal bureaucrat, and wrote books about his expertise, including The Managing of Organizations and Organizations and Their Managing.

Father: Bertram Myron Gross (federal bureaucrat)
Mother: Nora Faine Gross
Wife: Shulamith Toaff Gross (statistician, div., two children)
Daughter: Ariela Gross (legal historian)
Daughter: Elisheva Gross (psychologist)
Wife: Jacquelyn Savani (public relations consultant)
Daughter: Miranda Savani (stepdaughter)

    University: BS Mathematics, Hebrew University (1962)
    University: MS Physics, UC Berkeley (1966)
    University: PhD Physics, Harvard University (1969)
    Teacher: Physics, Princeton University (1969-71)
    Professor: Physics, Princeton University (1971-96)
    Administrator: Director of Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of California at Santa Barbara (1996-)

    Nobel Prize for Physics 2004 (with H. David Politzer and Frank Wilczek)
    American Academy of Arts and Sciences
    American Association for the Advancement of Science
    Harvard Society of Fellows
    Institute for Advanced Study
    National Academy of Sciences
    MacArthur Foundation Fellowship (1987)
    Alfred P. Sloan Foundation Fellowship (1970-74)
    American Physical Society
    Science Debate 2008
    Czechoslovak Ancestry Paternal
    Hungarian Ancestry Paternal
    Jewish Ancestry
    Ukrainian Ancestry Maternal

Author of books:
Physics and Mathematics at the Frontier (1988)
Two-Dimensional QCD and Strings (1993, with Washington Taylor)
Screening vs. Confinement in 1+1 Dimensions (1995)

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