Euclid Born: c. 365 BC Birthplace: Alexandria, Egypt Died: c. 275 BC Location of death: Alexandria, Egypt Cause of death: unspecified
Gender: Male Race or Ethnicity: Middle Eastern Occupation: Mathematician, Educator Nationality: Ancient Greece Executive summary: Father of geometry Euclid was a Greek mathematician three centuries before Christ, who taught at the ancient Library of Alexandria and laid out the principles that came to define Euclidean geometry. His masterwork, Stoicheia (Elements), is a 13volume exploration all corners of mathematics, based on the works of Aristotle, Eudoxus of Cnidus, Plato, Pythagoras, and others who came before him. Little is known about his life, and what little is recounted is often in error, as the name Euclid was fairly common in his time and place.
He is sometimes credited with one original theory, a method of exhaustion through which the area of a circle and volume of a sphere can be calculated, but he left a much greater mark as a teacher. He presented the theorems and problems with great clarity, showed the solutions concisely and logically, and his Elements has remained a standard geometry text for more than two thousand years since his death. University: Plato's Academy, Athens, Greece Teacher: Library of Alexandria, Alexandria, Egypt
Asteroid Namesake 4354 Euclides Lunar Crater Euclid (7.4S, 29.5W, 11km dia, 700m height) Eponyms Euclidean geometry Slaveowners
Author of books:
Elements (13 volumes)
Data (plane geometry)
On Divisions (geometry)
Optics (applied mathematics)
Phenomena (astronomy)
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