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Hideki Yukawa

Hideki YukawaBorn: 23-Jan-1907
Birthplace: Tokyo, Japan
Died: 8-Sep-1981
Location of death: Kyoto, Japan
Cause of death: Illness

Gender: Male
Religion: Buddhist
Race or Ethnicity: Asian
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Physicist

Nationality: Japan
Executive summary: Predicted existence of mesons

Japanese physicist Hideki Yukawa proposed a new theory of nuclear forces including the existence of the meson in 1935, theorizing that the meson acts as a glue, holding various other particles together to form the nucleus of the atom. He came to world-wide fame the following year, when Carl David Anderson discovered Yukawa's particle in cosmic radiation. He spent the rest of his career working on a comprehensive theory of elementary particles. In 1949 Yukawa became the first Japanese scientist to be awarded a Nobel Prize, and donated the bulk of the accompanying cash stipend to physics research at Kyoto University. In 1955 he was a signatory to the Russell-Einstein Manifesto, a letter from ten famed scientists calling for worldwide nuclear disarmament.

Father: Takuji Ogawa (Professor of Geology, Kyoto University)
Wife: Sumiko Yukawa (m. 1932, two sons)
Son: Harumi Yukawa
Son: Takaaki Yukawa

    High School: Third Higher School, Kyoto, Japan
    University: MS Physics, Kyoto Imperial University (1929)
    Lecturer: Physics, Kyoto Imperial University (1929-33)
    Teacher: Physics, Osaka Imperial University (1933-39)
    University: PhD Physics, Osaka Imperial University (1938)
    Professor: Theoretical Physics, Kyoto Imperial University (1939-50)
    Professor: Visiting Professor, Institute for Advanced Study (1948-49)
    Professor: Physics, Columbia University (1949-53)
    Professor: Theoretical Physics, Kyoto Imperial University (1953-71)

    The Imperial Prize of the Japan Academy 1940
    Person of Cultural Merit 1943
    Nobel Prize for Physics 1949
    American Physical Society Foreign Member
    Indian Academy of Sciences Foreign Member
    Japan Academy
    Japanese Physical Society
    National Academy of Sciences Foreign Member
    Pontifical Academy of Sciences
    Royal Society Foreign Member
    Royal Society of Edinburgh Foreign Member
    Science Council of Japan
    Progress of Theoretical Physics Editor, 1946-61

Author of books:
Introduction to Quantum Mechanics (1946, non-fiction)
Introduction to the Theory of Elementary Particles (1948, non-fiction)
Tabibito (The Traveler) (1982, memoir)

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