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John Cadbury

Born: 12-Aug-1801
Birthplace: Birmingham, West Midlands, England
Died: 11-May-1889
Location of death: Birmingham, West Midlands, England
Cause of death: Illness
Remains: Buried, Witton Cemetery, Birmingham, West Midlands, England

Gender: Male
Religion: Quaker
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Business

Nationality: England
Executive summary: Chocolatier

John Cadbury was apprenticed to a tea dealer in his teens and early twenties, then opened a tea and coffee shop in Birmingham in 1824, with a small selection of cocoa and chocolate that came to be his best-selling items. In 1831 he began making his own cocoa and chocolate, in 1847 his brother Benjamin joined the firm, and in 1853 Cadbury Brothers received a royal warrant as official confectioners for Queen Victoria. Cadbury paid his workers well, established work councils to hear and resolve employee grievances, and kept a physician on staff to provide for workers' health care. He campaigned to outlaw child labor, and was a founding member of the Animals Friends Society, which later evolved into the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. He sank into depression after the death of his wife in 1855, and the business faltered until he retired in 1861, turning the company over to his sons, who manufactured Cadbury's first Easter eggs in 1875 and revitalized the business. Cadbury died in 1889, and left his home to his church, the Religious Society of Friends.

Father: Richard Tapper Cadbury (linen draper, b. 1768, d. 1860)
Mother: Elizabeth Head Cadbury (m. 1796)
Sister: Sarah Cadbury
Sister: Ann Cadbury
Brother: Benjamin Head Cadbury (Cadbury executive, b. 1798, d. 1880)
Sister: Elizabeth Head Cadbury
Sister: Emma Cadbury (b. 1811, d. 1905)
Brother: James Cadbury
Brother: Joel Cadbury
Sister: Lucretia Cadbury
Sister: Maria Cadbury
Brother: Richard Cadbury
Wife: Priscilla Ann Dymond Cadbury (b. 1799, m. 1826, d. 1828, no children)
Wife: Candia Barrow Cadbury (b. 1805, m. 1831, d. 1855, seven children)
Son: John Cadbury (b. 1834, d. 1866)
Son: Richard Cadbury (Cadbury executive, b. 1835, d. 1899)
Daughter: Maria Cadbury (b. 1838, d. 1908)
Son: George Cadbury (Cadbury executive, b. 19-Sep-1839, d. 1922)
Son: Joseph Cadbury (b. 1841, d. 1841)
Son: Edward Cadbury (b. 1843, d. 1866)
Son: Henry Cadbury (b. 1845, d. 1875)

    Cadbury Schweppes Founder & President (1824-61) of Cadbury Brothers
    Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals
    Risk Factors: Depression

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