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Richard E. Smalley

Richard E. SmalleyAKA Richard Errett Smalley

Born: 6-Jun-1943
Birthplace: Akron, OH
Died: 28-Oct-2005
Location of death: Houston, TX
Cause of death: Cancer - Leukemia

Gender: Male
Religion: Christian
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Chemist, Physicist

Nationality: United States
Executive summary: Co-Discovered fullerines

American chemist and physicist Richard E. Smalley was an expert in cluster chemistry and cold ion beam technology, conducted extensive research into nanotube single-crystal growth, and championed research into nanotechnology. He is best known for his 1985 discovery, with Robert F. Curl, Jr. and Sir Harold Kroto, of carbon-60 (C60), a previously unknown allotrope of carbon. C60 consists of sixty atoms structured in the shape of R. Buckminster Fuller's geodesic dome, and thus was named buckminsterfullerene. Smalley said that he was inspired to a life of science by the widely-publicized 4 October 1957 launch of the Soviet Union's Sputnik spacecraft, and by his aunt, Sara Jane Rhoads, a chemistry professor at the University of Wyoming and one of the first American women to reach that position. Curl, Kroto, and Smalley shared the 1996 Nobel Prize for Chemistry.

Father: Frank Dudley Smalley, Jr. (trade journal CEO, d. 1992)
Mother: Esther Virginia Rhoads Smalley
Brother: Clayton Smalley
Sister: Linda Smalley
Sister: Mary Jill Smalley
Wife: Judith Grace Sampieri (secretary, m. 4-May-1968)
Son: Chad Richard Smalley (b. 9-Jun-1969)
Wife: JoNell Chauvin
Son: Preston Reed Smalley
Wife: Deborah Lynn Sheffield Smalley (until his death)
Daughter: Eva Kluber (stepdaughter)
Daughter: Alison Kluber (stepdaughter)

    High School: Southwest High School, Kansas City, MO (1961)
    University: Hope College (attended, 1961-63)
    University: BS Chemistry, University of Michigan (1965)
    University: MS Chemistry, Princeton University (1971)
    University: PhD Chemistry, Princeton University (1973)
    Scholar: University of Chicago (1973-76)
    Teacher: Chemistry & Physics, Rice University (1976-90)
    Professor: Chemistry & Physics, Rice University (1990-2005)
    Administrator: Rice Quantum Institute, Rice University (Chairman, 1986-96)
    Administrator: Center for Nanoscale Science and Technology, Rice University (1996-2001)
    Administrator: Carbon Nanotechnology Laboratory, Rice University (2001-05)

    Royal Dutch Shell Chemist (1965-69)
    APS Irving Langmuir Prize in Chemical Physics 1991
    ACS Gennady Michael Kosolapoff Award 1992
    APS International Prize for New Materials Research 1992 (with Robert F. Curl and Harold Kroto)
    E. O. Lawrence Award 1992
    Welch Award in Chemistry 1992
    ACS William H. Nichols Medal 1993
    John Scott Medal 1993
    Agilent Technologies Europhysics Prize 1994
    ACS Harrison Howe Award 1994
    ACS Madison Marshall Award 1995
    Benjamin Franklin Medal 1996 (by the Franklin Institute)
    Nobel Prize for Chemistry 1996 (with Robert F. Curl, Jr. and Sir Harold Kroto)
    Navy Distinguished Service Medal 1997
    Glenn T. Seaborg Medal 2002
    Alfred P. Sloan Foundation Fellowship, 1978-80
    American Association for the Advancement of Science 2003
    American Chemical Society
    American Physical Society 1987
    National Academy of Sciences 1990
    American Academy of Arts and Sciences 1991
    Sigma Xi Scientific Research Society
    Draft Deferment: Vietnam

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