|Jose Maria Morelos|
AKA José Maria Teclo Morelos y Pavón
Birthplace: Morelia, Michoacán
Location of death: San Cristóbal Ecatepec, Mexico
Cause of death: Execution
Remains: Buried, Paseo de la Reforma, Mexico City, Mexico
Religion: Roman Catholic
Race or Ethnicity: Multiracial
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Military, Religion, Head of State
Executive summary: Mexico's war for independence
Military service: Mexican Army (1810-15)
Jose Maria Morelos was born in Valladolid, New Spain; after the independence, the city's name was changed to Morelia in his honor in the new state of Michoacán. He became a Catholic Priest at the age of 33.
In 1810 he began to raise armies for Miguel Hidalgo's rebellion against Spain. He became leader of the rebellion after Hidalgo's death. Responsible for major military victories throughout the South of Mexico (including Oaxaca and the port of Aculpulco). In 1813 Generalisimo Morelos called the first congress of free states, the result of which was Mexico's Declaration of Independence. During the proclamation of Mexico's first Constitution, Morelos was appointed as one head of an executive triumvirate.
In 1815 Morelos was captured by Spanish forces and tried by the Viceroy's military court and the Inquisition. He mounted an excellent defense, but eventually broke down in fear for his soul and revealed extensive military information required by the Viceroy, at times even providing military analysis and suggestions for pacification. He was defrocked and executed by firing squad, leaving the independence movement in the hands of Vicente Guerrero.
Morelos is immortalized by a 130 foot hollow statue in his likeness at the pinnacle of the ancient island of Janitzio on Lake Patzcuaro, Michoacan.
Father: Manuel Morelos (carpenter)
Mother: Juana Pavón (teacher, freed slave)
Slept with: Brígida Almonte (1 son)
Slept with: María Ramona Galván (1 son)
Son: Juan Nepomuceno Almonte (b. 15-May-1803, presdent of Mexico)
Son: (b. 1808)
Daughter: (b. 1809)
University: BA Royal and Pontifical University, Mexico City, New Spain (1796)
Theological: College of San Nicolas, Valladolid, New Spain (1800)
Taken Prisoner of War (1815)
Shot: Firing Squad San Cristóbal Ecatepec (22-Dec-1815)
Portrait on Mexican currency 50 Peso Note, 1 Peso Coin (1947-1967)
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