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Charlotte E. Moore

AKA Charlotte Emma Moore Sitterly

Born: 24-Sep-1898
Birthplace: Ercildoun, PA
Died: 3-Mar-1990
Location of death: Washington, DC
Cause of death: Heart Failure

Gender: Female
Religion: Quaker
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Astronomer, Mathematician, Physicist

Nationality: United States
Executive summary: Technetium in the Sun

Physicist Charlotte E. Moore is best known for her analysis of solar and atomic spectra, especially wavelengths unable to penetrate Earth's atmosphere. She proved the existence of technetium in the Sun, which was the first evidence that highly-unstable technetium occurs naturally. Early in her career she worked at Princeton Observatory under Henry Norris Russell, and her later work in astrophysics at the National Institute of Standards and Technology led to widely-used tables of atomic energy levels, published in the reference work Atomic Energy Levels as Derived from the Analyses of Optical Spectra. She married astrophysicist Bancroft Walker Sitterly, and thereafter was occasionally credited as Charlotte Moore Sitterly or Mrs. Bancroft W. Sitterly, but for the most part she continued using her birth name on most of her scientific papers. Moore and Sitterly had no children.

Father: George Winfield Moore (school official, b. 31-Jul-1859, d. 18-Jun-1935)
Mother: Elizabeth Palmer Walton Moore (teacher, B. 13-Nov-1859, m. 25-Aug-1886, d. 21-Oct-1936)
Brother: Lawrence Clayton Moore (physician, b. 1887)
Sister: Frances Elizabeth Moore Baldwin (poet, b. 1890)
Brother: Hamilton Winfield Moore (b. 1892, d. 1893)
Brother: Edwin Walton Moore (b. May 1894, d. 3-Oct-1894)
Sister: Mary Walton Moore (author, b. 1896)
Husband: Bancroft Walker Sitterly (astrophysicit, b. 11-Sep-1895, m. 30-May-1937, d. Feb-1977, no children)

    University: BS Mathematics, Swarthmore College (1920)
    Scholar: Mathematician, Princeton Observatory, Princeton University (1920-28)
    Scholar: Astronomy, Mount Wilson Observatory (1928-31)
    University: PhD Astrophysics, University of California at Berkeley (1931)
    University: Astronomy, Princeton Observatory, Princeton University (1931-45)

    Bruce Medal (1990)
    William F. Meggers Award (1972)
    Annie Jump Cannon Prize (1937)
    American Association for the Advancement of Science
    American Astronomical Society
    International Astronomical Union
    Optical Society of America
    Phi Beta Kappa Society
    Royal Astronomical Society Foreign Associate
    US Naval Research Laboratory Space Science Division (1971-78)
    National Institute of Standards and Technology Office of Standard Reference Data (1968-71)
    National Institute of Standards and Technology Astrophysicist (1945-68)
    Asteroid Namesake 2110 Moore-Sitterly

Author of books:
The Masses of the Stars (1940, with Henry Norris Russell)
Atomic Energy Levels as Derived from the Analyses of Optical Spectra (1958, three volumes)
The Solar Spectrum (1947, with Harold D. Babcock)

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